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(Close) distance makes the heart grow fonder:Improving implicit racial attitudes and interracial interactions through approach behaviors.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007 Jun; 92(6):957-71.JP

Abstract

In 4 studies, the authors examined the effect of approaching Blacks on implicit racial attitudes and immediacy behaviors. In Studies 1-3, participants were trained to pull a joystick toward themselves or to push it away from themselves when presented with photographs of Blacks, Whites, or Asians before completing an Implicit Association Test to measure racial bias. In Study 4, the effect of this training procedure on nonverbal behavior in an interracial contact situation was investigated. Results from the studies demonstrated that approaching Blacks decreased participants' implicit racial prejudice and increased immediacy when interacting with a Black confederate. The implications of these findings for current theories on approach, avoidance, and intergroup relations are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada. kawakami@yorku.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17547482

Citation

Kawakami, Kerry, et al. "(Close) Distance Makes the Heart Grow fonder:Improving Implicit Racial Attitudes and Interracial Interactions Through Approach Behaviors." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 92, no. 6, 2007, pp. 957-71.
Kawakami K, Phills CE, Steele JR, et al. (Close) distance makes the heart grow fonder:Improving implicit racial attitudes and interracial interactions through approach behaviors. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;92(6):957-71.
Kawakami, K., Phills, C. E., Steele, J. R., & Dovidio, J. F. (2007). (Close) distance makes the heart grow fonder:Improving implicit racial attitudes and interracial interactions through approach behaviors. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 957-71.
Kawakami K, et al. (Close) Distance Makes the Heart Grow fonder:Improving Implicit Racial Attitudes and Interracial Interactions Through Approach Behaviors. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;92(6):957-71. PubMed PMID: 17547482.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - (Close) distance makes the heart grow fonder:Improving implicit racial attitudes and interracial interactions through approach behaviors. AU - Kawakami,Kerry, AU - Phills,Curtis E, AU - Steele,Jennifer R, AU - Dovidio,John F, PY - 2007/6/6/pubmed PY - 2007/8/1/medline PY - 2007/6/6/entrez SP - 957 EP - 71 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 92 IS - 6 N2 - In 4 studies, the authors examined the effect of approaching Blacks on implicit racial attitudes and immediacy behaviors. In Studies 1-3, participants were trained to pull a joystick toward themselves or to push it away from themselves when presented with photographs of Blacks, Whites, or Asians before completing an Implicit Association Test to measure racial bias. In Study 4, the effect of this training procedure on nonverbal behavior in an interracial contact situation was investigated. Results from the studies demonstrated that approaching Blacks decreased participants' implicit racial prejudice and increased immediacy when interacting with a Black confederate. The implications of these findings for current theories on approach, avoidance, and intergroup relations are discussed. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17547482/_Close__distance_makes_the_heart_grow_fonder:Improving_implicit_racial_attitudes_and_interracial_interactions_through_approach_behaviors_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/92/6/957 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -