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Augusto Pellegrini (1877-1958): contributions to surgery and prosthetic orthopaedics.

Abstract

Augusto Pellegrini worked as a general surgeon in Northern Italy. In 1905, in the field of orthopaedics, he described post-traumatic knee ossification, associated particularly with sports activities, which took the name of Pellegrini disease. In collaboration with Giuliano Vanghetti, he contributed to the application of kinematic prostheses of the upper extremity (kineplasty), enabling the patient to use his muscles to power the prosthesis. His surgical innovations were particularly in the field of abdominal surgery, at a time when antibiotics were not available and when radiological diagnostics were in their infancy. He advocated the surgical treatment of acute appendicitis 'at presentation', namely within 24-48 h of diagnosis, thereby reducing the development of abdominal complications. In 1904 he introduced disinfection of the hands solely with alcohol before each surgical operation, encouraging the healing of wounds by first intention.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Dipartimento di Specialità Chirurgiche, Scienze Radiologiche e Medico Forensi, Cattedra di Storia della Medicina, Università degli Studi di Brescia, Brescia, Italy. porroale@med.unibs.it

    Source

    Journal of medical biography 15:2 2007 May pg 68-74

    MeSH

    Biomechanical Phenomena
    History, 19th Century
    History, 20th Century
    Humans
    Italy
    Orthopedics
    Prostheses and Implants

    Pub Type(s)

    Biography
    Historical Article
    Journal Article
    Portrait

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17551603

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Augusto Pellegrini (1877-1958): contributions to surgery and prosthetic orthopaedics. AU - Porro,Alessandro, AU - Lorusso,Lorenzo, PY - 2007/6/7/pubmed PY - 2007/9/20/medline PY - 2007/6/7/entrez SP - 68 EP - 74 JF - Journal of medical biography JO - J Med Biogr VL - 15 IS - 2 N2 - Augusto Pellegrini worked as a general surgeon in Northern Italy. In 1905, in the field of orthopaedics, he described post-traumatic knee ossification, associated particularly with sports activities, which took the name of Pellegrini disease. In collaboration with Giuliano Vanghetti, he contributed to the application of kinematic prostheses of the upper extremity (kineplasty), enabling the patient to use his muscles to power the prosthesis. His surgical innovations were particularly in the field of abdominal surgery, at a time when antibiotics were not available and when radiological diagnostics were in their infancy. He advocated the surgical treatment of acute appendicitis 'at presentation', namely within 24-48 h of diagnosis, thereby reducing the development of abdominal complications. In 1904 he introduced disinfection of the hands solely with alcohol before each surgical operation, encouraging the healing of wounds by first intention. SN - 0967-7720 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17551603/full_citation/Augusto_Pellegrini__1877_1958_:_contributions_to_surgery_and_prosthetic_orthopaedics L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1258/j.jmb.2007.05-80?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed ER -