[Effective of ginkgolides on expression of apoptosis related gene during PC12 cells glucose deprivation].Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2007 Mar; 32(6):532-5.ZZ
To investigate the protective effects of ginkgolides on glucose deprivation-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells and the mechanism underlying the protective effect.
PC12 cells were treated under glucose deprivation, and the proliferation was determined by tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Furthermore, the mRNA levels of Bcl-2, Bax, c-myc were measured by Fluorescence Quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR).
Ginkgolides could markedly inhibit the injury of glucose deprivation on the PC12 cells and increase the cell proliferation compared with the model groups (P <0.01). Ginkgolides could up-regulate Bcl-2 and down-regulate Bax and c-myc at 12 h, respectively. There were no significant differences in the Bcl-2 and Bax levels in both groups at 24 h, and ginkgolides only reduced the elevation of c-myc from 4. 32-fold to 2. 87-fold at this time.
Ginkgolides are able to protect the injured PC12 cells against cell apoptosis. During the early period of glucose deprivation, Bcl-2, Bax and c-myc were regulated to inhibit cell apoptosis by ginkgolides. After that, ginkgolides seems inhibit the apoptosis through attenuating the elevation of c-myc.