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A report on dental anxiety levels in children undergoing nitrous oxide inhalation sedation and propofol target controlled infusion intravenous sedation.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2007 Jun; 8(2):82-6.EA

Abstract

AIM

To report on two separate child sedation cohorts; one undergoing propofol intravenous sedation (IVS) and the other, nitrous oxide inhalation sedation (IS) in respect to changes in dental anxiety and subject characteristics.

STUDY DESIGN

The age, gender, level of social deprivation and amount of treatment performed and observed patient behaviour during treatment, using the Frankl and a VAS scale, were recorded for each subject. Anxiety questionnaires were completed before and after treatment. These were: - Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale (MCDAS); Children's Fear Survey Schedule- Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) and two Visual Analogue Scales (VAS).

RESULTS AND STATISTICS

Participants (36) attended for treatment under IS and 40 attended for treatment under propofol IVS. The IVS cohort was older (p<0.01), by between 1.9 and 4.1 years and had more treatment [p = 0.015, 95% confidence interval for the difference between the cohort medians was (0, 3) units]. The two cohorts were closely matched in respect to pre-operative anxiety as measured by the MCDAS and CFSS-DS scales. There were significant anxiety reductions within each cohort as measured by three of the scales: - MCDAS, CFSS-DS and VAS (1) (p< or = 0.001) but no significant change in the VAS (2) scores. When the two cohorts were compared, there was no significant difference in the reduction of the self-reported anxiety for any of the four scales (p>0.05). The observed behaviour was good for both cohorts.

CONCLUSION

Propofol target-controlled intravenous sedation and nitrous oxide inhalation sedation were similarly efficacious at anxiety reduction in referred dentally anxious children. Subjects undergoing propofol IVS were older than those undergoing IS. Propofol TCI may offer the opportunity for more treatment at each visit. Further propofol TCI conscious sedation studies are required.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dept Paediatric Dentistry, Glasgow Dental School, Glasgow, Scotland, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17555689

Citation

Alexopoulos, E, et al. "A Report On Dental Anxiety Levels in Children Undergoing Nitrous Oxide Inhalation Sedation and Propofol Target Controlled Infusion Intravenous Sedation." European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 8, no. 2, 2007, pp. 82-6.
Alexopoulos E, Hope A, Clark SL, et al. A report on dental anxiety levels in children undergoing nitrous oxide inhalation sedation and propofol target controlled infusion intravenous sedation. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2007;8(2):82-6.
Alexopoulos, E., Hope, A., Clark, S. L., McHugh, S., & Hosey, M. T. (2007). A report on dental anxiety levels in children undergoing nitrous oxide inhalation sedation and propofol target controlled infusion intravenous sedation. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, 8(2), 82-6.
Alexopoulos E, et al. A Report On Dental Anxiety Levels in Children Undergoing Nitrous Oxide Inhalation Sedation and Propofol Target Controlled Infusion Intravenous Sedation. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2007;8(2):82-6. PubMed PMID: 17555689.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A report on dental anxiety levels in children undergoing nitrous oxide inhalation sedation and propofol target controlled infusion intravenous sedation. AU - Alexopoulos,E, AU - Hope,A, AU - Clark,S L, AU - McHugh,S, AU - Hosey,M T, PY - 2007/6/9/pubmed PY - 2007/8/2/medline PY - 2007/6/9/entrez SP - 82 EP - 6 JF - European archives of paediatric dentistry : official journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry JO - Eur Arch Paediatr Dent VL - 8 IS - 2 N2 - AIM: To report on two separate child sedation cohorts; one undergoing propofol intravenous sedation (IVS) and the other, nitrous oxide inhalation sedation (IS) in respect to changes in dental anxiety and subject characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: The age, gender, level of social deprivation and amount of treatment performed and observed patient behaviour during treatment, using the Frankl and a VAS scale, were recorded for each subject. Anxiety questionnaires were completed before and after treatment. These were: - Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale (MCDAS); Children's Fear Survey Schedule- Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) and two Visual Analogue Scales (VAS). RESULTS AND STATISTICS: Participants (36) attended for treatment under IS and 40 attended for treatment under propofol IVS. The IVS cohort was older (p<0.01), by between 1.9 and 4.1 years and had more treatment [p = 0.015, 95% confidence interval for the difference between the cohort medians was (0, 3) units]. The two cohorts were closely matched in respect to pre-operative anxiety as measured by the MCDAS and CFSS-DS scales. There were significant anxiety reductions within each cohort as measured by three of the scales: - MCDAS, CFSS-DS and VAS (1) (p< or = 0.001) but no significant change in the VAS (2) scores. When the two cohorts were compared, there was no significant difference in the reduction of the self-reported anxiety for any of the four scales (p>0.05). The observed behaviour was good for both cohorts. CONCLUSION: Propofol target-controlled intravenous sedation and nitrous oxide inhalation sedation were similarly efficacious at anxiety reduction in referred dentally anxious children. Subjects undergoing propofol IVS were older than those undergoing IS. Propofol TCI may offer the opportunity for more treatment at each visit. Further propofol TCI conscious sedation studies are required. SN - 1818-6300 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17555689/A_report_on_dental_anxiety_levels_in_children_undergoing_nitrous_oxide_inhalation_sedation_and_propofol_target_controlled_infusion_intravenous_sedation_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/7698 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -