Peripheral kinin B(1) and B(2) receptor-operated mechanisms are implicated in neuropathic nociception induced by spinal nerve ligation in rats.Neuropharmacology. 2007 Jul; 53(1):48-57.N
The kinin system can contribute distinctly to the sensory changes associated with different models of nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain. This study examines the roles of kinin B(1) and B(2) receptor-operated mechanisms in alterations in nociceptive responses of rats submitted to unilateral L5/L6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) injury. Behavioural responses to ipsilateral hind paw stimulation with acetone (evaporation-evoked cooling), radiant heat (Hargreaves method) or von Frey hairs revealed that SNL rats developed long-lasting cold allodynia (from Days 3 to 40 post-surgery, peak on Day 6), heat hyperalgesia (stable peak from Days 9 to 36) and tactile allodynia (stable peak from Days 3 to 51). SNL rats manifested nocifensive responses to intraplantar injections on Day 12 of the selective B(1) receptor agonist des-Arg(9)-bradykinin (DABK) and augmented responses to the selective B(2) receptor agonist bradykinin (BK; each at 0.01-1nmol/paw). Systemic treatment of SNL rats with des-Arg(9)-Leu(8)-BK or HOE 140 (peptidic B(1) and B(2) receptor antagonists, respectively; 0.1-1mumol/kg, i.p.) selectively blocked responses triggered by DABK and BK (1nmol/paw) and alleviated partially and transiently established cold allodynia, heat hyperalgesia and (to a lesser extent) tactile allodynia. Western blot analysis revealed enhanced expression of kinin B(1) and B(2) receptor protein in ipsilateral L4-L6 spinal nerve and hind paw skin samples collected on Day 12 after SNL surgery. These results indicate that peripheral pronociceptive kinin B(1) and B(2) receptor-operated mechanisms contribute significantly to the maintenance of hind paw cold and mechanical allodynia and heat hyperalgesia induced by L5/L6 SNL in rats.