Ethanol production from xylose by recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing protein engineered NADP+-dependent xylitol dehydrogenase.J Biotechnol. 2007 Jun 30; 130(3):316-9.JB
Effects of reversal coenzyme specificity toward NADP+ and thermostabilization of xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) from Pichia stipitis on fermentation of xylose to ethanol were estimated using a recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing together with a native xylose reductase from P. stipitis. The mutated XDHs performed the similar enzyme properties in S. cerevisiae cells, compared with those in vitro. The significant enhancement(s) was found in Y-ARSdR strain, in which NADP+-dependent XDH was expressed; 86% decrease of unfavorable xylitol excretion with 41% increased ethanol production, when compared with the reference strain expressing the wild-type XDH.