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Acute variceal hemorrhage.
Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2007 Apr; 17(2):223-52, v.GE

Abstract

Variceal bleeding is a frequent and life-threatening complication of portal hypertension. The first episode of variceal bleeding is associated not only with a high mortality, but also with a high recurrence rate in those who survive. Therefore, management should focus on different therapeutic strategies aiming to prevent the first episode of variceal bleeding (primary prophylaxis), to control hemorrhage during the acute bleeding episode (emergency treatment), and to prevent rebleeding (secondary prophylaxis). These strategies involve pharmacological, endoscopic, surgical, and interventional radiological modalities. This article reviews management of acute variceal bleeding.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, MCV Box 980341, Richmond, VA 23298-0341, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17556146

Citation

Habib, Adil, and Arun J. Sanyal. "Acute Variceal Hemorrhage." Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America, vol. 17, no. 2, 2007, pp. 223-52, v.
Habib A, Sanyal AJ. Acute variceal hemorrhage. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2007;17(2):223-52, v.
Habib, A., & Sanyal, A. J. (2007). Acute variceal hemorrhage. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America, 17(2), 223-52, v.
Habib A, Sanyal AJ. Acute Variceal Hemorrhage. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2007;17(2):223-52, v. PubMed PMID: 17556146.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acute variceal hemorrhage. AU - Habib,Adil, AU - Sanyal,Arun J, PY - 2007/6/9/pubmed PY - 2007/9/7/medline PY - 2007/6/9/entrez SP - 223-52, v JF - Gastrointestinal endoscopy clinics of North America JO - Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am VL - 17 IS - 2 N2 - Variceal bleeding is a frequent and life-threatening complication of portal hypertension. The first episode of variceal bleeding is associated not only with a high mortality, but also with a high recurrence rate in those who survive. Therefore, management should focus on different therapeutic strategies aiming to prevent the first episode of variceal bleeding (primary prophylaxis), to control hemorrhage during the acute bleeding episode (emergency treatment), and to prevent rebleeding (secondary prophylaxis). These strategies involve pharmacological, endoscopic, surgical, and interventional radiological modalities. This article reviews management of acute variceal bleeding. SN - 1052-5157 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17556146/Acute_variceal_hemorrhage_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1052-5157(07)00013-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -