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Effects of advice on dietary intake and/or physical activity on body composition, blood lipids and insulin resistance following a low-fat, sucrose-containing, high-carbohydrate, energy-restricted diet.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2007 Aug; 58(5):383-97.IJ

Abstract

AIM

To determine the effect of dietary advice in conjunction with advice to increase physical activity on the body composition, blood lipid and insulin profiles in overweight women.

DESIGN

A 12-week randomized controlled intervention study. subjects were assigned to one of four groups: (1) no advice, (2) low-fat, high-carbohydrate (including sucrose) energy-reduced diet, (3) 60 min/day brisk walking, and (4) diet and activity advice as previous.

SUBJECTS

Sixty-nine overweight women (mean age 41 years).

MEASUREMENTS

Dietary compliance was assessed by 4-day diet diaries. Activity levels were assessed by Caltractrade mark accelerator monitors. Anthropometric changes were recorded at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. Fasting blood samples measuring glucose, insulin, and blood lipids were recorded at baseline and 12 weeks.

RESULTS

Group 4 achieved greatest weight loss of 4.2 kg and greatest reduction in waist circumference of 6.5 cm. Groups 2 and 4 decreased the percentage energy from fat by 5.2%. Group 3 increased the percentage energy from fat by 4.0%. Group 4 significantly reduced total cholesterol by 0.45 mmol/l and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol by 0.53 mmol/l.

CONCLUSION

A low-fat, high-carbohydrate, sucrose-containing diet combined with increased physical exercise resulted in greater health benefits than diet or physical activity advice alone.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Nutrition and Food Research, Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17558730

Citation

Kirkwood, Lesley, et al. "Effects of Advice On Dietary Intake And/or Physical Activity On Body Composition, Blood Lipids and Insulin Resistance Following a Low-fat, Sucrose-containing, High-carbohydrate, Energy-restricted Diet." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 5, 2007, pp. 383-97.
Kirkwood L, Aldujaili E, Drummond S. Effects of advice on dietary intake and/or physical activity on body composition, blood lipids and insulin resistance following a low-fat, sucrose-containing, high-carbohydrate, energy-restricted diet. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2007;58(5):383-97.
Kirkwood, L., Aldujaili, E., & Drummond, S. (2007). Effects of advice on dietary intake and/or physical activity on body composition, blood lipids and insulin resistance following a low-fat, sucrose-containing, high-carbohydrate, energy-restricted diet. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 58(5), 383-97.
Kirkwood L, Aldujaili E, Drummond S. Effects of Advice On Dietary Intake And/or Physical Activity On Body Composition, Blood Lipids and Insulin Resistance Following a Low-fat, Sucrose-containing, High-carbohydrate, Energy-restricted Diet. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2007;58(5):383-97. PubMed PMID: 17558730.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of advice on dietary intake and/or physical activity on body composition, blood lipids and insulin resistance following a low-fat, sucrose-containing, high-carbohydrate, energy-restricted diet. AU - Kirkwood,Lesley, AU - Aldujaili,Emad, AU - Drummond,Sandra, PY - 2007/6/15/pubmed PY - 2007/12/7/medline PY - 2007/6/15/entrez SP - 383 EP - 97 JF - International journal of food sciences and nutrition JO - Int J Food Sci Nutr VL - 58 IS - 5 N2 - AIM: To determine the effect of dietary advice in conjunction with advice to increase physical activity on the body composition, blood lipid and insulin profiles in overweight women. DESIGN: A 12-week randomized controlled intervention study. subjects were assigned to one of four groups: (1) no advice, (2) low-fat, high-carbohydrate (including sucrose) energy-reduced diet, (3) 60 min/day brisk walking, and (4) diet and activity advice as previous. SUBJECTS: Sixty-nine overweight women (mean age 41 years). MEASUREMENTS: Dietary compliance was assessed by 4-day diet diaries. Activity levels were assessed by Caltractrade mark accelerator monitors. Anthropometric changes were recorded at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. Fasting blood samples measuring glucose, insulin, and blood lipids were recorded at baseline and 12 weeks. RESULTS: Group 4 achieved greatest weight loss of 4.2 kg and greatest reduction in waist circumference of 6.5 cm. Groups 2 and 4 decreased the percentage energy from fat by 5.2%. Group 3 increased the percentage energy from fat by 4.0%. Group 4 significantly reduced total cholesterol by 0.45 mmol/l and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol by 0.53 mmol/l. CONCLUSION: A low-fat, high-carbohydrate, sucrose-containing diet combined with increased physical exercise resulted in greater health benefits than diet or physical activity advice alone. SN - 0963-7486 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17558730/Effects_of_advice_on_dietary_intake_and/or_physical_activity_on_body_composition_blood_lipids_and_insulin_resistance_following_a_low_fat_sucrose_containing_high_carbohydrate_energy_restricted_diet_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09637480701252336 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -