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Effects of advice on dietary intake and/or physical activity on body composition, blood lipids and insulin resistance following a low-fat, sucrose-containing, high-carbohydrate, energy-restricted diet.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 2007; 58(5):383-97IJ

Abstract

AIM

To determine the effect of dietary advice in conjunction with advice to increase physical activity on the body composition, blood lipid and insulin profiles in overweight women.

DESIGN

A 12-week randomized controlled intervention study. subjects were assigned to one of four groups: (1) no advice, (2) low-fat, high-carbohydrate (including sucrose) energy-reduced diet, (3) 60 min/day brisk walking, and (4) diet and activity advice as previous.

SUBJECTS

Sixty-nine overweight women (mean age 41 years).

MEASUREMENTS

Dietary compliance was assessed by 4-day diet diaries. Activity levels were assessed by Caltractrade mark accelerator monitors. Anthropometric changes were recorded at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. Fasting blood samples measuring glucose, insulin, and blood lipids were recorded at baseline and 12 weeks.

RESULTS

Group 4 achieved greatest weight loss of 4.2 kg and greatest reduction in waist circumference of 6.5 cm. Groups 2 and 4 decreased the percentage energy from fat by 5.2%. Group 3 increased the percentage energy from fat by 4.0%. Group 4 significantly reduced total cholesterol by 0.45 mmol/l and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol by 0.53 mmol/l.

CONCLUSION

A low-fat, high-carbohydrate, sucrose-containing diet combined with increased physical exercise resulted in greater health benefits than diet or physical activity advice alone.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Nutrition and Food Research, Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17558730

Citation

Kirkwood, Lesley, et al. "Effects of Advice On Dietary Intake And/or Physical Activity On Body Composition, Blood Lipids and Insulin Resistance Following a Low-fat, Sucrose-containing, High-carbohydrate, Energy-restricted Diet." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 5, 2007, pp. 383-97.
Kirkwood L, Aldujaili E, Drummond S. Effects of advice on dietary intake and/or physical activity on body composition, blood lipids and insulin resistance following a low-fat, sucrose-containing, high-carbohydrate, energy-restricted diet. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2007;58(5):383-97.
Kirkwood, L., Aldujaili, E., & Drummond, S. (2007). Effects of advice on dietary intake and/or physical activity on body composition, blood lipids and insulin resistance following a low-fat, sucrose-containing, high-carbohydrate, energy-restricted diet. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 58(5), pp. 383-97.
Kirkwood L, Aldujaili E, Drummond S. Effects of Advice On Dietary Intake And/or Physical Activity On Body Composition, Blood Lipids and Insulin Resistance Following a Low-fat, Sucrose-containing, High-carbohydrate, Energy-restricted Diet. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2007;58(5):383-97. PubMed PMID: 17558730.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of advice on dietary intake and/or physical activity on body composition, blood lipids and insulin resistance following a low-fat, sucrose-containing, high-carbohydrate, energy-restricted diet. AU - Kirkwood,Lesley, AU - Aldujaili,Emad, AU - Drummond,Sandra, PY - 2007/6/15/pubmed PY - 2007/12/7/medline PY - 2007/6/15/entrez SP - 383 EP - 97 JF - International journal of food sciences and nutrition JO - Int J Food Sci Nutr VL - 58 IS - 5 N2 - AIM: To determine the effect of dietary advice in conjunction with advice to increase physical activity on the body composition, blood lipid and insulin profiles in overweight women. DESIGN: A 12-week randomized controlled intervention study. subjects were assigned to one of four groups: (1) no advice, (2) low-fat, high-carbohydrate (including sucrose) energy-reduced diet, (3) 60 min/day brisk walking, and (4) diet and activity advice as previous. SUBJECTS: Sixty-nine overweight women (mean age 41 years). MEASUREMENTS: Dietary compliance was assessed by 4-day diet diaries. Activity levels were assessed by Caltractrade mark accelerator monitors. Anthropometric changes were recorded at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. Fasting blood samples measuring glucose, insulin, and blood lipids were recorded at baseline and 12 weeks. RESULTS: Group 4 achieved greatest weight loss of 4.2 kg and greatest reduction in waist circumference of 6.5 cm. Groups 2 and 4 decreased the percentage energy from fat by 5.2%. Group 3 increased the percentage energy from fat by 4.0%. Group 4 significantly reduced total cholesterol by 0.45 mmol/l and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol by 0.53 mmol/l. CONCLUSION: A low-fat, high-carbohydrate, sucrose-containing diet combined with increased physical exercise resulted in greater health benefits than diet or physical activity advice alone. SN - 0963-7486 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17558730/Effects_of_advice_on_dietary_intake_and/or_physical_activity_on_body_composition_blood_lipids_and_insulin_resistance_following_a_low_fat_sucrose_containing_high_carbohydrate_energy_restricted_diet_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09637480701252336 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -