Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prescriptions for vitamin D among patients taking antiresorptive agents in Canada.
Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Jun; 23(6):1473-80.CM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Data on the rate of concomitant vitamin D use with antiresorptive medications are limited. Such information is important because vitamin D is indicated in patients with osteoporosis, including those receiving bisphosphonates, and there is evidence of inadequate use by these patients.

OBJECTIVE

To examine prescription vitamin D utilization patterns.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS

A retrospective analysis of patients aged > or = 65 years was conducted in a Canadian pharmacy-insurance organization (RAMQ) who received at least one prescription for an antiresorptive agent (i.e., alendronate, risedronate, raloxifene) from January 1, 1996, through December 31, 2003, and did not switch to any other agent during the 1-year post period. Data on prescriptions of vitamin D formulations on the RAMQ formulary (e.g., alfacalcidol, calcitriol, cholecalciferol, doxercalciferol, ergocalciferol) were also captured. No data on generic or over-the-counter vitamin D preparations were available. A vitamin D and antiresorptive agent possession ratio (R(P)) was computed as: R(P) = SigmaD(SPVD) / SigmaD(SARR) where SigmaD(SPVD) = the sum of the days of supply with prescription vitamin D and SigmaD(SARR) = the sum of days of supply with alendronate, risedronate, or raloxifene A vitamin D and antiresorptive agent overlap ratio (R(0)) was computed as: R(0) = SigmaD(SPVDOARR) / SigmaD(SARR) where SigmaD(SPVDOARR) = the sum of days of supply of prescription vitamin D overlapping with alendronate, risedronate, or raloxifene, and SigmaD(SARR) = the sum of the days of supply with alendronate, risedronate, or raloxifene.

RESULTS

A total of 46,226 antiresorptive treatment users were identified, > 90% of whom were women. A total of 17,151 (37.1%) had concomitant vitamin D prescriptions. The average duration of prescription therapy with alendronate, risedronate, or raloxifene was 247 days; and the mean duration of prescription vitamin D therapy was 83 days. Patients had a supply of vitamin D for 55% of days of antiresorptive agents therapy (R(P) = 0.55) and a vitamin D supply overlapping with 24% of their days on antiresorptive agents (R(o) = 0.24). Possession and overlap ratios were significantly higher in patients receiving once-weekly bisphosphonate prescriptions compared with once-daily regimens (bisphosphonates or raloxifene). Vitamin D prescriptions were also significantly more likely in patients receiving prescriptions for once-weekly bisphosphonates (odds ratio (OR) = 4.65; 95% CI = 4.29-5.05; p < 0.0001) and once-daily bisphosphonates (OR = 1.91; 95% CI = 1.76-2.07; p < 0.0001) compared with once-daily raloxifene.

CONCLUSIONS

Despite the benefits of vitamin D for osteoporosis, most patients (approximately 63%) receiving prescriptions for antiresorptive agents were not taking vitamin D, indicating a substantial treatment gap. The study is limited by including data only on (1) pharmacy claims, which do not equate to patient behaviors, such as filling or refilling prescriptions and/or taking the medications; and (2) prescription (but not generic or over-the-counter) vitamin D formulations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Evaluation Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17559742

Citation

Hanley, David A., et al. "Prescriptions for Vitamin D Among Patients Taking Antiresorptive Agents in Canada." Current Medical Research and Opinion, vol. 23, no. 6, 2007, pp. 1473-80.
Hanley DA, Zhang Q, Meilleur MC, et al. Prescriptions for vitamin D among patients taking antiresorptive agents in Canada. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007;23(6):1473-80.
Hanley, D. A., Zhang, Q., Meilleur, M. C., Mavros, P., & Sen, S. S. (2007). Prescriptions for vitamin D among patients taking antiresorptive agents in Canada. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 23(6), 1473-80.
Hanley DA, et al. Prescriptions for Vitamin D Among Patients Taking Antiresorptive Agents in Canada. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007;23(6):1473-80. PubMed PMID: 17559742.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prescriptions for vitamin D among patients taking antiresorptive agents in Canada. AU - Hanley,David A, AU - Zhang,Qiaoyi, AU - Meilleur,Marie-Claude, AU - Mavros,Panagiotis, AU - Sen,Shuvayu S, Y1 - 2007/05/18/ PY - 2007/6/15/pubmed PY - 2008/7/10/medline PY - 2007/6/15/entrez SP - 1473 EP - 80 JF - Current medical research and opinion JO - Curr Med Res Opin VL - 23 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Data on the rate of concomitant vitamin D use with antiresorptive medications are limited. Such information is important because vitamin D is indicated in patients with osteoporosis, including those receiving bisphosphonates, and there is evidence of inadequate use by these patients. OBJECTIVE: To examine prescription vitamin D utilization patterns. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients aged > or = 65 years was conducted in a Canadian pharmacy-insurance organization (RAMQ) who received at least one prescription for an antiresorptive agent (i.e., alendronate, risedronate, raloxifene) from January 1, 1996, through December 31, 2003, and did not switch to any other agent during the 1-year post period. Data on prescriptions of vitamin D formulations on the RAMQ formulary (e.g., alfacalcidol, calcitriol, cholecalciferol, doxercalciferol, ergocalciferol) were also captured. No data on generic or over-the-counter vitamin D preparations were available. A vitamin D and antiresorptive agent possession ratio (R(P)) was computed as: R(P) = SigmaD(SPVD) / SigmaD(SARR) where SigmaD(SPVD) = the sum of the days of supply with prescription vitamin D and SigmaD(SARR) = the sum of days of supply with alendronate, risedronate, or raloxifene A vitamin D and antiresorptive agent overlap ratio (R(0)) was computed as: R(0) = SigmaD(SPVDOARR) / SigmaD(SARR) where SigmaD(SPVDOARR) = the sum of days of supply of prescription vitamin D overlapping with alendronate, risedronate, or raloxifene, and SigmaD(SARR) = the sum of the days of supply with alendronate, risedronate, or raloxifene. RESULTS: A total of 46,226 antiresorptive treatment users were identified, > 90% of whom were women. A total of 17,151 (37.1%) had concomitant vitamin D prescriptions. The average duration of prescription therapy with alendronate, risedronate, or raloxifene was 247 days; and the mean duration of prescription vitamin D therapy was 83 days. Patients had a supply of vitamin D for 55% of days of antiresorptive agents therapy (R(P) = 0.55) and a vitamin D supply overlapping with 24% of their days on antiresorptive agents (R(o) = 0.24). Possession and overlap ratios were significantly higher in patients receiving once-weekly bisphosphonate prescriptions compared with once-daily regimens (bisphosphonates or raloxifene). Vitamin D prescriptions were also significantly more likely in patients receiving prescriptions for once-weekly bisphosphonates (odds ratio (OR) = 4.65; 95% CI = 4.29-5.05; p < 0.0001) and once-daily bisphosphonates (OR = 1.91; 95% CI = 1.76-2.07; p < 0.0001) compared with once-daily raloxifene. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the benefits of vitamin D for osteoporosis, most patients (approximately 63%) receiving prescriptions for antiresorptive agents were not taking vitamin D, indicating a substantial treatment gap. The study is limited by including data only on (1) pharmacy claims, which do not equate to patient behaviors, such as filling or refilling prescriptions and/or taking the medications; and (2) prescription (but not generic or over-the-counter) vitamin D formulations. SN - 1473-4877 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17559742/Prescriptions_for_vitamin_D_among_patients_taking_antiresorptive_agents_in_Canada_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1185/030079907X188198 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -