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Actinomycosis: a differential diagnosis for appendicitis. A case report and review of the literature.
J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jun; 42(6):E23-6.JP

Abstract

Actinomyces is a genus of gram-positive anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria that colonize the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and the female genital tract. These organisms cause disseminated disease in the mouth, the respiratory system, and rarely in the gastrointestinal tract. The diseases produced by Actinomyces species result from the disruption of the barriers that allow the dissemination of the bacteria through the surrounding tissues. The appendix is often a nidus of Actinomyces infection, but a prompt diagnosis cannot be made without the results of histologic examination of the appendix. The treatment of choice for actinomycosis of the appendix is the high-dose parenteral administration of penicillin G for 2 weeks immediately after the diagnosis has been made and continued oral treatment with that agent for at least the next 6 months. We present the case of a 13-year-old adolescent boy with actinomycosis of the appendix that was identified by histologic examination after appendectomy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, 06490 Bahçelievler Ankara, Turkey.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17560191

Citation

Yiğiter, Murat, et al. "Actinomycosis: a Differential Diagnosis for Appendicitis. a Case Report and Review of the Literature." Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 42, no. 6, 2007, pp. E23-6.
Yiğiter M, Kiyici H, Arda IS, et al. Actinomycosis: a differential diagnosis for appendicitis. A case report and review of the literature. J Pediatr Surg. 2007;42(6):E23-6.
Yiğiter, M., Kiyici, H., Arda, I. S., & Hiçsönmez, A. (2007). Actinomycosis: a differential diagnosis for appendicitis. A case report and review of the literature. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 42(6), E23-6.
Yiğiter M, et al. Actinomycosis: a Differential Diagnosis for Appendicitis. a Case Report and Review of the Literature. J Pediatr Surg. 2007;42(6):E23-6. PubMed PMID: 17560191.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Actinomycosis: a differential diagnosis for appendicitis. A case report and review of the literature. AU - Yiğiter,Murat, AU - Kiyici,Halil, AU - Arda,Irfan Serdar, AU - Hiçsönmez,Akgün, PY - 2007/6/15/pubmed PY - 2007/7/25/medline PY - 2007/6/15/entrez SP - E23 EP - 6 JF - Journal of pediatric surgery JO - J. Pediatr. Surg. VL - 42 IS - 6 N2 - Actinomyces is a genus of gram-positive anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria that colonize the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and the female genital tract. These organisms cause disseminated disease in the mouth, the respiratory system, and rarely in the gastrointestinal tract. The diseases produced by Actinomyces species result from the disruption of the barriers that allow the dissemination of the bacteria through the surrounding tissues. The appendix is often a nidus of Actinomyces infection, but a prompt diagnosis cannot be made without the results of histologic examination of the appendix. The treatment of choice for actinomycosis of the appendix is the high-dose parenteral administration of penicillin G for 2 weeks immediately after the diagnosis has been made and continued oral treatment with that agent for at least the next 6 months. We present the case of a 13-year-old adolescent boy with actinomycosis of the appendix that was identified by histologic examination after appendectomy. SN - 1531-5037 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17560191/Actinomycosis:_a_differential_diagnosis_for_appendicitis__A_case_report_and_review_of_the_literature_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-3468(07)00224-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -