Colonic sensitive-motor alterations in the irritable bowel syndrome.Ital J Gastroenterol. 1991 Nov; 23(8 Suppl 1):48-52.IJ
The pathogenetic factors involved in the genesis of the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has not been fully explained yet. The abnormalities observed in these patients are a hypersensitivity to distension and an amplification of painful sensations. The motor activity of sigmoid colon shows an increased motility index in IBS patients with constipation and a low motility index in those with diarrhea. An hypercaloric meal induces a hypermotility in these patients. In our experience rectal distension evokes abdominal pain in 78% of cases at volumes of 100ml (less than than controls and constipated patients). The perfusion of rectum induces continuous abdominal pain in 89% of IBS patients. We can say that the motility of the whole colon over prolonged periods of time may represent an important progress in understanding the motor function in these patients.