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Emotional determinants of infant-mother attachment.
Child Dev. 1991 Oct; 62(5):906-17.CD

Abstract

The present study examined the assumption that emotion-related characteristics of mothers and infants contribute to the development of infant-mother attachment in the first year of life. Mothers' emotion and personality characteristics were assessed with expressive-behavior ratings and self-report scales. Infant characteristics were measured by emotion and temperament questionnaires (mother report) and objective coding of facial expressions of emotions. Attachment classifications were determined by means of the Strange Situation procedure, and a continuous-variable index of attachment security was derived by a discriminant function procedure. Mothers' emotion experiences, expressive behaviors, and personality traits were significant predictors of the level of security of the infant-mother attachment. Infants' expressive and temperamental characteristics as rated by their mothers were also significant predictors of attachment security.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark 19716.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1756666

Citation

Izard, C E., et al. "Emotional Determinants of Infant-mother Attachment." Child Development, vol. 62, no. 5, 1991, pp. 906-17.
Izard CE, Haynes OM, Chisholm G, et al. Emotional determinants of infant-mother attachment. Child Dev. 1991;62(5):906-17.
Izard, C. E., Haynes, O. M., Chisholm, G., & Baak, K. (1991). Emotional determinants of infant-mother attachment. Child Development, 62(5), 906-17.
Izard CE, et al. Emotional Determinants of Infant-mother Attachment. Child Dev. 1991;62(5):906-17. PubMed PMID: 1756666.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emotional determinants of infant-mother attachment. AU - Izard,C E, AU - Haynes,O M, AU - Chisholm,G, AU - Baak,K, PY - 1991/10/1/pubmed PY - 1991/10/1/medline PY - 1991/10/1/entrez SP - 906 EP - 17 JF - Child development JO - Child Dev VL - 62 IS - 5 N2 - The present study examined the assumption that emotion-related characteristics of mothers and infants contribute to the development of infant-mother attachment in the first year of life. Mothers' emotion and personality characteristics were assessed with expressive-behavior ratings and self-report scales. Infant characteristics were measured by emotion and temperament questionnaires (mother report) and objective coding of facial expressions of emotions. Attachment classifications were determined by means of the Strange Situation procedure, and a continuous-variable index of attachment security was derived by a discriminant function procedure. Mothers' emotion experiences, expressive behaviors, and personality traits were significant predictors of the level of security of the infant-mother attachment. Infants' expressive and temperamental characteristics as rated by their mothers were also significant predictors of attachment security. SN - 0009-3920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1756666/Emotional_determinants_of_infant_mother_attachment_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0009-3920&date=1991&volume=62&issue=5&spage=906 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -