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Moderate-carbohydrate low-fat versus low-carbohydrate high-fat meal replacements for weight loss.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2007 Jun; 58(4):321-9.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To compare the efficacy of a low-carbohydrate high-fat versus a moderate-carbohydrate low-fat diet for weight loss and cardiovascular risk reduction.

METHODS

In a prospective clinical trial, 137 participants (body mass index >or=25 kg/m2) were randomly assigned to Control (46 randomized, 44 completed), Low Carbohydrate (45 randomized, 42 completed), or Moderate Carbohydrate (46 randomized, 40 completed) groups. Outcomes included measures of body size and composition and blood chemistries.

RESULTS

Both the Low and Moderate Carbohydrate groups lost significantly more weight as well as inches from their waists and thighs than the Control group, while the Low Carbohydrate group lost a greater percentage of body fat. Although the Moderate Carbohydrate group showed significant reductions in serum cholesterol, the Low Carbohydrate group showed the greatest improvements in serum cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and very-low-density lipoprotein.

CONCLUSIONS

Moderate approaches to weight loss such as a moderate-carbohydrate low-fat diet may be prudent.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University. St Louis, MO, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17566894

Citation

Wal, Jillon S Vander, et al. "Moderate-carbohydrate Low-fat Versus Low-carbohydrate High-fat Meal Replacements for Weight Loss." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 4, 2007, pp. 321-9.
Wal JS, McBurney MI, Moellering N, et al. Moderate-carbohydrate low-fat versus low-carbohydrate high-fat meal replacements for weight loss. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2007;58(4):321-9.
Wal, J. S., McBurney, M. I., Moellering, N., Marth, J., & Dhurandhar, N. V. (2007). Moderate-carbohydrate low-fat versus low-carbohydrate high-fat meal replacements for weight loss. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 58(4), 321-9.
Wal JS, et al. Moderate-carbohydrate Low-fat Versus Low-carbohydrate High-fat Meal Replacements for Weight Loss. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2007;58(4):321-9. PubMed PMID: 17566894.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Moderate-carbohydrate low-fat versus low-carbohydrate high-fat meal replacements for weight loss. AU - Wal,Jillon S Vander, AU - McBurney,Michael I, AU - Moellering,Nancy, AU - Marth,Jorene, AU - Dhurandhar,Nikhil V, PY - 2007/6/15/pubmed PY - 2008/1/26/medline PY - 2007/6/15/entrez SP - 321 EP - 9 JF - International journal of food sciences and nutrition JO - Int J Food Sci Nutr VL - 58 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of a low-carbohydrate high-fat versus a moderate-carbohydrate low-fat diet for weight loss and cardiovascular risk reduction. METHODS: In a prospective clinical trial, 137 participants (body mass index >or=25 kg/m2) were randomly assigned to Control (46 randomized, 44 completed), Low Carbohydrate (45 randomized, 42 completed), or Moderate Carbohydrate (46 randomized, 40 completed) groups. Outcomes included measures of body size and composition and blood chemistries. RESULTS: Both the Low and Moderate Carbohydrate groups lost significantly more weight as well as inches from their waists and thighs than the Control group, while the Low Carbohydrate group lost a greater percentage of body fat. Although the Moderate Carbohydrate group showed significant reductions in serum cholesterol, the Low Carbohydrate group showed the greatest improvements in serum cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and very-low-density lipoprotein. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate approaches to weight loss such as a moderate-carbohydrate low-fat diet may be prudent. SN - 0963-7486 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17566894/Moderate_carbohydrate_low_fat_versus_low_carbohydrate_high_fat_meal_replacements_for_weight_loss_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09637480701240752 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -