Improving outcomes after myocardial infarction: a randomized controlled trial evaluating effects of a telephone follow-up intervention.Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007 Jun; 14(3):429-37.EJ
Providing information is an important part of standard care and treatment for acute myocardial infarction inpatients. Evidence exists indicating that acute myocardial infarction patients experience an information gap in the period immediately after discharge from the hospital. The aim of this study was to assess the short-term effects of a nurse-led telephone follow-up intervention to provide information and support to patients with acute myocardial infarction after their discharge from hospital.
DESIGN AND METHOD
A prospective randomized, controlled trial with a 6-month follow-up was conducted. A total of 288 patients were allocated to either an intervention group (n=156) or a control group (n=132). The latter received routine post-discharge care. The primary endpoint measured at 3 and 6 months after discharge was the health-related quality of life using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey. Secondary endpoints included smoking and exercise habits.
In both groups, health-related quality of life improved significantly over time on most subscales. A statistically significant difference in favour of the intervention group was found on the 36-item Short Form Health Survey Physical Health Component Summary Scale (P=0.034) after 6 months. No difference was found between the groups on the Mental Health Component Summary Scale. We found a significant difference with respect to frequency of physical activity in favour of the intervention group after 6 months (P=0.004). More participants in the intervention group than the control group had ceased smoking at the 6-month follow-up (P=0.055).
A nurse-led systematic telephone follow-up intervention significantly improved the physical dimension of health-related quality of life in patients in the intervention group compared with usual care patients. Participation in this intervention also seemed to promote health behaviour change in patients after acute myocardial infarction.