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The emergency department and victims of sexual violence: an assessment of preparedness to help.

Abstract

The Emergency Department (ED) is a key source of care for victims of sexual violence but there is little information available about the extent to which EDs are prepared to provide this care. This study examines the structural and process factors that the ED has in place to assist victims. A survey of all 82 publicly accessible EDs in the Commonwealth of Virginia was conducted (RR 76%). In general, the EDs provide the recommended medical care to victims. However, at least half do not have the needed resources in place to effectively assist victims and most (80%) do not provide regular training to their medical staff about sexual violence. Further, almost one-quarter do not have a relationship with a local rape crisis center. It is recommended that each ED partner with local rape crisis centers to provide training to their staff and to ensure continuity of support for victims. It is also suggested that the state government explore ways in which a forensic (SANE) nurse be made available to every victim of sexual violence that presents to the ED for medical assistance. Ideally, each ED would become part of a community-wide Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) in order to provide comprehensive care to victims and thorough evidence collection and information to law enforcement.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.

    , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Domestic Violence
    Emergency Service, Hospital
    Female
    Forensic Nursing
    Health Care Surveys
    Humans
    Inservice Training
    Interinstitutional Relations
    Male
    Patient Care Team
    Sex Offenses
    Virginia

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17571470

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - The emergency department and victims of sexual violence: an assessment of preparedness to help. AU - Plichta,Stacey Beth, AU - Vandecar-Burdin,Tancy, AU - Odor,Rebecca K, AU - Reams,Shani, AU - Zhang,Yan, PY - 2007/6/19/pubmed PY - 2007/8/28/medline PY - 2007/6/19/entrez SP - 285 EP - 308 JF - Journal of health and human services administration JO - J Health Hum Serv Adm VL - 29 IS - 3 N2 - The Emergency Department (ED) is a key source of care for victims of sexual violence but there is little information available about the extent to which EDs are prepared to provide this care. This study examines the structural and process factors that the ED has in place to assist victims. A survey of all 82 publicly accessible EDs in the Commonwealth of Virginia was conducted (RR 76%). In general, the EDs provide the recommended medical care to victims. However, at least half do not have the needed resources in place to effectively assist victims and most (80%) do not provide regular training to their medical staff about sexual violence. Further, almost one-quarter do not have a relationship with a local rape crisis center. It is recommended that each ED partner with local rape crisis centers to provide training to their staff and to ensure continuity of support for victims. It is also suggested that the state government explore ways in which a forensic (SANE) nurse be made available to every victim of sexual violence that presents to the ED for medical assistance. Ideally, each ED would become part of a community-wide Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) in order to provide comprehensive care to victims and thorough evidence collection and information to law enforcement. SN - 1079-3739 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17571470/The_emergency_department_and_victims_of_sexual_violence:_an_assessment_of_preparedness_to_help_ L2 - http://openurl.ebscohost.com/linksvc/linking.aspx?genre=article&sid=PubMed&issn=1079-3739&title=J Health Hum Serv Adm&volume=29&issue=3&spage=285&atitle=The emergency department and victims of sexual violence: an assessment of preparedness to help.&aulast=Plichta&date=2006 ER -