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Midface growth in patients with ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007 Jul; 120(1):144-150.PR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder involving abnormalities of the hands, feet, skin, and teeth and clefts of the lip and palate. Patients with this syndrome have abnormal facial features--namely, clefts of the lip and palate--and abnormal dentition, which could affect the growth of their midface region. The purpose of this study was to describe characteristics of midface growth in patients with this syndrome.

METHODS

A retrospective chart review was conducted for eight postoperative patients seen at the cleft clinic at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between 1987 and 2004. Clinical notes and operative reports were reviewed. The surgeon's assessment and cephalometric measurements were analyzed. The cephalometric values were compared with Bolton standards for normal facial growth to determine deficiency.

RESULTS

All eight patients displayed midface disproportion. Five of the eight were found to have some degree of midface retrusion. The upper anterior facial height was found to be deficient for half of the patients. Six patients had deficient lower facial height and four had deficient total face height. Two of these patients have undergone midface distraction osteogenesis.

CONCLUSIONS

The authors' study identified a subset of patients within the cleft clinic who carry the diagnosis of ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome. The patients tend to have poor dentition that, coupled with clefts of the lip and palate, inhibits normal midface growth and can require surgical correction. The need for orthognathic surgery seems to be greater than that seen in patients who have clefts of the lip and palate but do not carry the syndrome.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Philadelphia, Pa. From the Departments of Surgery, Divisions of Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17572556

Citation

Birgfeld, Craig B., et al. "Midface Growth in Patients With Ectrodactyly-ectodermal Dysplasia-clefting Syndrome." Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 120, no. 1, 2007, pp. 144-150.
Birgfeld CB, Glick P, Singh D, et al. Midface growth in patients with ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007;120(1):144-150.
Birgfeld, C. B., Glick, P., Singh, D., LaRossa, D., & Bartlett, S. (2007). Midface growth in patients with ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 120(1), 144-150. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.prs.0000263567.62923.fd
Birgfeld CB, et al. Midface Growth in Patients With Ectrodactyly-ectodermal Dysplasia-clefting Syndrome. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007;120(1):144-150. PubMed PMID: 17572556.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Midface growth in patients with ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome. AU - Birgfeld,Craig B, AU - Glick,Patricia, AU - Singh,Davinder, AU - LaRossa,Don, AU - Bartlett,Scott, PY - 2007/6/19/pubmed PY - 2007/7/11/medline PY - 2007/6/19/entrez SP - 144 EP - 150 JF - Plastic and reconstructive surgery JO - Plast Reconstr Surg VL - 120 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder involving abnormalities of the hands, feet, skin, and teeth and clefts of the lip and palate. Patients with this syndrome have abnormal facial features--namely, clefts of the lip and palate--and abnormal dentition, which could affect the growth of their midface region. The purpose of this study was to describe characteristics of midface growth in patients with this syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for eight postoperative patients seen at the cleft clinic at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between 1987 and 2004. Clinical notes and operative reports were reviewed. The surgeon's assessment and cephalometric measurements were analyzed. The cephalometric values were compared with Bolton standards for normal facial growth to determine deficiency. RESULTS: All eight patients displayed midface disproportion. Five of the eight were found to have some degree of midface retrusion. The upper anterior facial height was found to be deficient for half of the patients. Six patients had deficient lower facial height and four had deficient total face height. Two of these patients have undergone midface distraction osteogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: The authors' study identified a subset of patients within the cleft clinic who carry the diagnosis of ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome. The patients tend to have poor dentition that, coupled with clefts of the lip and palate, inhibits normal midface growth and can require surgical correction. The need for orthognathic surgery seems to be greater than that seen in patients who have clefts of the lip and palate but do not carry the syndrome. SN - 1529-4242 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17572556/Midface_growth_in_patients_with_ectrodactyly_ectodermal_dysplasia_clefting_syndrome_ L2 - https://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=17572556 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -