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[The effect of curcumin on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats].
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2007 Mar; 30(3):197-201.ZJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To observe the effect and mechanism of curcumin on pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin in rats.

METHODS

Fifty-four SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, 18 rats each group. The control group received a single intratracheal dose of 2 ml/kg of sterile physiological saline at day 0, and from 14 d, 0.5 ml/kg of sterile physiological saline intraperitoneally every day. The bleomycin group received a single intratracheal dose of 5 mg/kg of bleomycin A(5), and from 14 d, 0.5 ml/kg of suspension of 6% alcohol and 6% polyethylene glycol intraperitoneally every day. The curcumin group received a single intratracheal dose of 5 mg/kg of bleomycin A(5), and from 14 d, 50 mg/kg of curcumin (suspended in 6% alcohol and 6% polyethylene glycol) intraperitoneally every day. Six rats in each group were killed at day 17, 21, 28 in batches. The sections of lungs were stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Masson's trichrome to evaluate the severity of alveolitis and pulmonary fibrosis. The content of hydroxyproline and the expression of transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) mRNA, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) mRNA in lung tissues were analyzed. The concentration of TGF-beta(1) and IFN-gamma in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured.

RESULTS

(1) The scores of alveolitis in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group at day 28 were 1.3 +/- 0.5, 2.0 +/- 0.9, respectively, the difference being significant (q = 3.26, P < 0.05). (2) The scores of pulmonary fibrosis in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were 1.3 +/- 0.5, 1.8 +/- 0.4 at day 21, and 1.2 +/- 0.4, 2.2 +/- 1.0 at day 28, the difference being significant between the two groups (q = 3.33, 4.00, all P < 0.05). (3) The content of hydroxyproline in lung tissues in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were (1.75 +/- 0.36) microg/g, (2.47 +/- 0.24) microg/g at day 28, the difference being significant (q = 7.20, P < 0.01). (4) The concentration of TGF-beta(1) in BALF in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were (20 +/- 3) ng/L, (39 +/- 7) ng/L at day 21, and (24 +/- 4) ng/L, (40 +/- 7) ng/L at day 28, all being statistically different between the two groups (q = 5.30, 6.27, all P < 0.05). (5) The expression of TGF-beta(1) mRNA in lung tissues in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were 0.51 +/- 0.11, 0.59 +/- 0.13 at day 21, and 0.50 +/- 0.07, 0.64 +/- 0.11 at day 28, all being not statistically different between the two groups (q = 1.55, 3.13, all P > 0.05). (6) The concentrations of IFN-gamma in BALF in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were 0.49 +/- 0.17, 0.50 +/- 0.08 at day 21, and 0.52 +/- 0.15, 0.52 +/- 0.11 at day 28, all being not statistically different between the two groups (q = 1.85, 2.03, all P > 0.05). (7) The expression of IFN-gamma mRNA in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were (28 +/- 5) ng/L, (35 +/- 13) ng/L at day 21, and (30 +/- 11) ng/L, (39 +/- 13) ng/L at day 28, no significant difference between the two groups (q = 0.17, 0.00, all P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Curcumin can alleviate alveolitis and pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin in rats, possibly through its inhibition of TGF-beta(1).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

chi

PubMed ID

17572999

Citation

Zhang, De-ping, et al. "[The Effect of Curcumin On Bleomycin-induced Pulmonary Fibrosis in Rats]." Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi = Zhonghua Jiehe He Huxi Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, vol. 30, no. 3, 2007, pp. 197-201.
Zhang DP, Qiu H, Zhuang Y, et al. [The effect of curcumin on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2007;30(3):197-201.
Zhang, D. P., Qiu, H., Zhuang, Y., & Meng, F. Q. (2007). [The effect of curcumin on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi = Zhonghua Jiehe He Huxi Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, 30(3), 197-201.
Zhang DP, et al. [The Effect of Curcumin On Bleomycin-induced Pulmonary Fibrosis in Rats]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2007;30(3):197-201. PubMed PMID: 17572999.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [The effect of curcumin on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats]. AU - Zhang,De-ping, AU - Qiu,Hui, AU - Zhuang,Yi, AU - Meng,Fan-qing, PY - 2007/6/19/pubmed PY - 2010/8/18/medline PY - 2007/6/19/entrez SP - 197 EP - 201 JF - Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases JO - Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi VL - 30 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect and mechanism of curcumin on pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin in rats. METHODS: Fifty-four SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, 18 rats each group. The control group received a single intratracheal dose of 2 ml/kg of sterile physiological saline at day 0, and from 14 d, 0.5 ml/kg of sterile physiological saline intraperitoneally every day. The bleomycin group received a single intratracheal dose of 5 mg/kg of bleomycin A(5), and from 14 d, 0.5 ml/kg of suspension of 6% alcohol and 6% polyethylene glycol intraperitoneally every day. The curcumin group received a single intratracheal dose of 5 mg/kg of bleomycin A(5), and from 14 d, 50 mg/kg of curcumin (suspended in 6% alcohol and 6% polyethylene glycol) intraperitoneally every day. Six rats in each group were killed at day 17, 21, 28 in batches. The sections of lungs were stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Masson's trichrome to evaluate the severity of alveolitis and pulmonary fibrosis. The content of hydroxyproline and the expression of transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) mRNA, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) mRNA in lung tissues were analyzed. The concentration of TGF-beta(1) and IFN-gamma in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured. RESULTS: (1) The scores of alveolitis in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group at day 28 were 1.3 +/- 0.5, 2.0 +/- 0.9, respectively, the difference being significant (q = 3.26, P < 0.05). (2) The scores of pulmonary fibrosis in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were 1.3 +/- 0.5, 1.8 +/- 0.4 at day 21, and 1.2 +/- 0.4, 2.2 +/- 1.0 at day 28, the difference being significant between the two groups (q = 3.33, 4.00, all P < 0.05). (3) The content of hydroxyproline in lung tissues in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were (1.75 +/- 0.36) microg/g, (2.47 +/- 0.24) microg/g at day 28, the difference being significant (q = 7.20, P < 0.01). (4) The concentration of TGF-beta(1) in BALF in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were (20 +/- 3) ng/L, (39 +/- 7) ng/L at day 21, and (24 +/- 4) ng/L, (40 +/- 7) ng/L at day 28, all being statistically different between the two groups (q = 5.30, 6.27, all P < 0.05). (5) The expression of TGF-beta(1) mRNA in lung tissues in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were 0.51 +/- 0.11, 0.59 +/- 0.13 at day 21, and 0.50 +/- 0.07, 0.64 +/- 0.11 at day 28, all being not statistically different between the two groups (q = 1.55, 3.13, all P > 0.05). (6) The concentrations of IFN-gamma in BALF in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were 0.49 +/- 0.17, 0.50 +/- 0.08 at day 21, and 0.52 +/- 0.15, 0.52 +/- 0.11 at day 28, all being not statistically different between the two groups (q = 1.85, 2.03, all P > 0.05). (7) The expression of IFN-gamma mRNA in the curcumin group and the bleomycin group were (28 +/- 5) ng/L, (35 +/- 13) ng/L at day 21, and (30 +/- 11) ng/L, (39 +/- 13) ng/L at day 28, no significant difference between the two groups (q = 0.17, 0.00, all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Curcumin can alleviate alveolitis and pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin in rats, possibly through its inhibition of TGF-beta(1). SN - 1001-0939 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17572999/[The_effect_of_curcumin_on_bleomycin_induced_pulmonary_fibrosis_in_rats]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&amp;issn=1001-0939&amp;year=2007&amp;vol=30&amp;issue=3&amp;fpage=197 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -