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[Sexual assault: medicolegal findings and legal outcomes (analysis of 756 cases)].
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2007 Oct; 36(6):588-94.JG

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We describe the medico-legal findings in a population of sexual assault cases assessed in an urban referral center, analyse the legal outcomes in each case and determine whether the medico-legal findings were associated with conviction of the assailant.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

We performed a retrospective study of medico-legal reports in all the sexual assault cases reported in Tours during a 7-year period. Legal outcomes were obtained from courtroom proceedings. The relationship between the outcomes and the circumstances of the case was analyzed by logistic regression.

RESULTS

756 cases were enrolled. 68.3% of the cases involved children under 15 years old. Genital trauma occurred in 6.8% of the girls and 6% of the boys in this group. 31.7% of all the victims were aged 15 years or more. Genital injury was documented in 11.3% of the women. 36.3% of the assailants were convicted. Examination at the request of the police authorities and previous acquaintance of the assailant by the victim were significantly associated with conviction. The presence of general body and/or genital trauma was not associated with conviction.

CONCLUSION

Non-medical variables must be thoroughly collected by the medical examiner. Physical evidence of trauma was neither predictive nor essential for conviction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Service de médecine légale, hôpital Trousseau, CHRU de Tours, 37044 Tours cedex 09, France. pauline_saintmartin@yahoo.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

fre

PubMed ID

17574776

Citation

Saint-Martin, P, et al. "[Sexual Assault: Medicolegal Findings and Legal Outcomes (analysis of 756 Cases)]." Journal De Gynecologie, Obstetrique Et Biologie De La Reproduction, vol. 36, no. 6, 2007, pp. 588-94.
Saint-Martin P, Bouyssy M, Jacquet A, et al. [Sexual assault: medicolegal findings and legal outcomes (analysis of 756 cases)]. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2007;36(6):588-94.
Saint-Martin, P., Bouyssy, M., Jacquet, A., & O'Byrne, P. (2007). [Sexual assault: medicolegal findings and legal outcomes (analysis of 756 cases)]. Journal De Gynecologie, Obstetrique Et Biologie De La Reproduction, 36(6), 588-94.
Saint-Martin P, et al. [Sexual Assault: Medicolegal Findings and Legal Outcomes (analysis of 756 Cases)]. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2007;36(6):588-94. PubMed PMID: 17574776.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Sexual assault: medicolegal findings and legal outcomes (analysis of 756 cases)]. AU - Saint-Martin,P, AU - Bouyssy,M, AU - Jacquet,A, AU - O'Byrne,P, Y1 - 2007/06/14/ PY - 2007/01/18/received PY - 2007/03/19/revised PY - 2007/04/23/accepted PY - 2007/6/19/pubmed PY - 2008/1/4/medline PY - 2007/6/19/entrez SP - 588 EP - 94 JF - Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction JO - J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) VL - 36 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: We describe the medico-legal findings in a population of sexual assault cases assessed in an urban referral center, analyse the legal outcomes in each case and determine whether the medico-legal findings were associated with conviction of the assailant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of medico-legal reports in all the sexual assault cases reported in Tours during a 7-year period. Legal outcomes were obtained from courtroom proceedings. The relationship between the outcomes and the circumstances of the case was analyzed by logistic regression. RESULTS: 756 cases were enrolled. 68.3% of the cases involved children under 15 years old. Genital trauma occurred in 6.8% of the girls and 6% of the boys in this group. 31.7% of all the victims were aged 15 years or more. Genital injury was documented in 11.3% of the women. 36.3% of the assailants were convicted. Examination at the request of the police authorities and previous acquaintance of the assailant by the victim were significantly associated with conviction. The presence of general body and/or genital trauma was not associated with conviction. CONCLUSION: Non-medical variables must be thoroughly collected by the medical examiner. Physical evidence of trauma was neither predictive nor essential for conviction. SN - 0368-2315 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17574776/[Sexual_assault:_medicolegal_findings_and_legal_outcomes__analysis_of_756_cases_]_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0368-2315(07)00188-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -