Rhodium-catalyzed reductive mannich coupling of vinyl ketones to N-sulfonylimines mediated by hydrogen.J Org Chem. 2007 Jul 20; 72(15):5843-6.JO
Catalytic hydrogenation of methyl vinyl ketone (MVK) and ethyl vinyl ketone (EVK) in the presence of N-(o-nitrophenylsulfonyl)imines 8a-13a at ambient pressure with tri-2-furylphosphine-ligated rhodium catalysts enables formation of Mannich products 8b-13b and 8c-13c with moderate to good levels of syn-diastereoselectivity. As revealed by an assay of various N-protecting groups, excellent yields of reductive Mannich product also are obtained for N-arylimines 1a-4a, although diminished levels of syn-diastereoselectivity are observed. Coupling of MVK to imine 8a under a deuterium atmosphere provides deuterio-8b, which incorporates a single deuterium atom at the former enone beta-position.