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Comparison of mtDNA haplogroups in Hungarians with four other European populations: a small incidence of descents with Asian origin.

Abstract

Hungarians are unique among the other European populations because according to history, the ancient Magyars had come from the eastern side of the Ural Mountains and settled down in the Carpathian basin in the 9th century AD. Since variations in the human mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) are routinely used to infer the histories of different populations, we examined the distribution of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) sites of the mtDNA in apparently healthy, unrelated Hungarian subjects in order to collect data on the genetic origin of the Hungarian population. Among the 55 samples analyzed, the large majority belonged to haplogroups common in other European populations, however, three samples fulfilled the requirements of haplogroup M. Since haplogroup M is classified as a haplogroup characteristic mainly for Asian populations, the presence of haplogroup M found in approximately 5% of the total suggests that an Asian matrilineal ancestry, even if in a small incidence, can be detected among modern Hungarians.

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  • Authors

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    Source

    Acta biologica Hungarica 58:2 2007 Jun pg 245-56

    MeSH

    Asia
    Asian Continental Ancestry Group
    DNA, Mitochondrial
    European Continental Ancestry Group
    Female
    Finland
    Genetics, Population
    Haploidy
    Humans
    Hungary
    Male
    Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17585514

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of mtDNA haplogroups in Hungarians with four other European populations: a small incidence of descents with Asian origin. AU - Nadasi,Edit, AU - Gyurus,P, AU - Czakó,Márta, AU - Bene,Judit, AU - Kosztolányi,Sz, AU - Fazekas,Sz, AU - Dömösi,P, AU - Melegh,B, PY - 2007/6/26/pubmed PY - 2007/7/14/medline PY - 2007/6/26/entrez SP - 245 EP - 56 JF - Acta biologica Hungarica JO - Acta. Biol. Hung. VL - 58 IS - 2 N2 - Hungarians are unique among the other European populations because according to history, the ancient Magyars had come from the eastern side of the Ural Mountains and settled down in the Carpathian basin in the 9th century AD. Since variations in the human mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) are routinely used to infer the histories of different populations, we examined the distribution of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) sites of the mtDNA in apparently healthy, unrelated Hungarian subjects in order to collect data on the genetic origin of the Hungarian population. Among the 55 samples analyzed, the large majority belonged to haplogroups common in other European populations, however, three samples fulfilled the requirements of haplogroup M. Since haplogroup M is classified as a haplogroup characteristic mainly for Asian populations, the presence of haplogroup M found in approximately 5% of the total suggests that an Asian matrilineal ancestry, even if in a small incidence, can be detected among modern Hungarians. SN - 0236-5383 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17585514/Comparison_of_mtDNA_haplogroups_in_Hungarians_with_four_other_European_populations:_a_small_incidence_of_descents_with_Asian_origin_ L2 - http://www.akademiai.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1556/ABiol.58.2007.2.11 ER -