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Characterizing the emissions of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans from municipal and industrial waste incinerators.
Environ Sci Technol. 2007 Feb 15; 41(4):1159-65.ES

Abstract

As yet, very little is known about the polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PBDD/Fs) characteristics in the stack flue gases of incinerators. In this study, nine large-scale continuous municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs), two small-scale batch MSWls, and nine industrial waste incinerators (IWIs) were investigated for 2,3,7,8-substituted PBDD/Fs. The elevated PBDD/F concentrations (18.2 pg/Nm3, 4.17 pg TEQ/Nm3) of the IWIs, which were eight times higher than those of MSWIs (2.28 pg/Nm3, 0.557 pg TEQ/Nm3), are accompanied by PCDD/ Fs that are in the same range as those measured from MSWIs (0.0171-1.98 ng I-TEQ/Nm3). The obtained TEQ ratios (in percentage) of the PBDD/F to the PCDD/F concentration in the stack flue gases of the MSWls (0.72%), batch MWIs (0.18%), and IWIs (5.4%) are useful for the future estimate of PBDD/F emission quantity based on the well-established PCDD/F inventory. In addition, a significantly high correlation was found between the PBDD/F and PCDD/F concentrations, and the PBDD/F and PCDD/F congener profiles of the same emission source were similar, indicating a similar formation and substitution mechanism of bromine and chlorine in the combustion system.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Cheng Shiu University, 840 Chengching Road, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan, ROC. lcwang@csu.edu.twNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17593714

Citation

Wang, Lin-Chi, and Guo-Ping Chang-Chien. "Characterizing the Emissions of Polybrominated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans From Municipal and Industrial Waste Incinerators." Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 41, no. 4, 2007, pp. 1159-65.
Wang LC, Chang-Chien GP. Characterizing the emissions of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans from municipal and industrial waste incinerators. Environ Sci Technol. 2007;41(4):1159-65.
Wang, L. C., & Chang-Chien, G. P. (2007). Characterizing the emissions of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans from municipal and industrial waste incinerators. Environmental Science & Technology, 41(4), 1159-65.
Wang LC, Chang-Chien GP. Characterizing the Emissions of Polybrominated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans From Municipal and Industrial Waste Incinerators. Environ Sci Technol. 2007 Feb 15;41(4):1159-65. PubMed PMID: 17593714.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characterizing the emissions of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans from municipal and industrial waste incinerators. AU - Wang,Lin-Chi, AU - Chang-Chien,Guo-Ping, PY - 2007/6/28/pubmed PY - 2007/8/22/medline PY - 2007/6/28/entrez SP - 1159 EP - 65 JF - Environmental science & technology JO - Environ Sci Technol VL - 41 IS - 4 N2 - As yet, very little is known about the polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PBDD/Fs) characteristics in the stack flue gases of incinerators. In this study, nine large-scale continuous municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs), two small-scale batch MSWls, and nine industrial waste incinerators (IWIs) were investigated for 2,3,7,8-substituted PBDD/Fs. The elevated PBDD/F concentrations (18.2 pg/Nm3, 4.17 pg TEQ/Nm3) of the IWIs, which were eight times higher than those of MSWIs (2.28 pg/Nm3, 0.557 pg TEQ/Nm3), are accompanied by PCDD/ Fs that are in the same range as those measured from MSWIs (0.0171-1.98 ng I-TEQ/Nm3). The obtained TEQ ratios (in percentage) of the PBDD/F to the PCDD/F concentration in the stack flue gases of the MSWls (0.72%), batch MWIs (0.18%), and IWIs (5.4%) are useful for the future estimate of PBDD/F emission quantity based on the well-established PCDD/F inventory. In addition, a significantly high correlation was found between the PBDD/F and PCDD/F concentrations, and the PBDD/F and PCDD/F congener profiles of the same emission source were similar, indicating a similar formation and substitution mechanism of bromine and chlorine in the combustion system. SN - 0013-936X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17593714/Characterizing_the_emissions_of_polybrominated_dibenzo_p_dioxins_and_dibenzofurans_from_municipal_and_industrial_waste_incinerators_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/es061801q DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -