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Impact of whole-body vibration training versus fitness training on muscle strength and muscle mass in older men: a 1-year randomized controlled trial.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2007 Jun; 62(6):630-5.JG

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This randomized controlled study investigated the effects of 1-year whole-body vibration (WBV) training on isometric and explosive muscle strength and muscle mass in community-dwelling men older than 60 years.

METHODS

Muscle characteristics of the WBV group (n = 31, 67.3 +/- 0.7 years) were compared with those of a fitness (FIT) group (n = 30, 67.4 +/- 0.8 years) and a control (CON) group (n = 36, 68.6 +/- 0.9 years). Isometric strength of the knee extensors was measured using an isokinetic dynamometer, explosive muscle strength was assessed using a counter movement jump, and muscle mass of the upper leg was determined by computed tomography.

RESULTS

Isometric muscle strength, explosive muscle strength, and muscle mass increased significantly in the WBV group (9.8%, 10.9%, and 3.4%, respectively) and in the FIT group (13.1%, 9.8%, and 3.8%, respectively) with the training effects not significantly different between the groups. No significant changes in any parameter were found in the CON group.

CONCLUSION

WBV training is as efficient as a fitness program to increase isometric and explosive knee extension strength and muscle mass of the upper leg in community-dwelling older men. These findings suggest that WBV training has potential to prevent or reverse the age-related loss in skeletal muscle mass, referred to as sarcopenia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Tervuursevest 101, Leuven, Belgium.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17595419

Citation

Bogaerts, An, et al. "Impact of Whole-body Vibration Training Versus Fitness Training On Muscle Strength and Muscle Mass in Older Men: a 1-year Randomized Controlled Trial." The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 62, no. 6, 2007, pp. 630-5.
Bogaerts A, Delecluse C, Claessens AL, et al. Impact of whole-body vibration training versus fitness training on muscle strength and muscle mass in older men: a 1-year randomized controlled trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2007;62(6):630-5.
Bogaerts, A., Delecluse, C., Claessens, A. L., Coudyzer, W., Boonen, S., & Verschueren, S. M. (2007). Impact of whole-body vibration training versus fitness training on muscle strength and muscle mass in older men: a 1-year randomized controlled trial. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 62(6), 630-5.
Bogaerts A, et al. Impact of Whole-body Vibration Training Versus Fitness Training On Muscle Strength and Muscle Mass in Older Men: a 1-year Randomized Controlled Trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2007;62(6):630-5. PubMed PMID: 17595419.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of whole-body vibration training versus fitness training on muscle strength and muscle mass in older men: a 1-year randomized controlled trial. AU - Bogaerts,An, AU - Delecluse,Christophe, AU - Claessens,Albrecht L, AU - Coudyzer,Walter, AU - Boonen,Steven, AU - Verschueren,Sabine M P, PY - 2007/6/28/pubmed PY - 2007/9/14/medline PY - 2007/6/28/entrez SP - 630 EP - 5 JF - The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences JO - J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci VL - 62 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: This randomized controlled study investigated the effects of 1-year whole-body vibration (WBV) training on isometric and explosive muscle strength and muscle mass in community-dwelling men older than 60 years. METHODS: Muscle characteristics of the WBV group (n = 31, 67.3 +/- 0.7 years) were compared with those of a fitness (FIT) group (n = 30, 67.4 +/- 0.8 years) and a control (CON) group (n = 36, 68.6 +/- 0.9 years). Isometric strength of the knee extensors was measured using an isokinetic dynamometer, explosive muscle strength was assessed using a counter movement jump, and muscle mass of the upper leg was determined by computed tomography. RESULTS: Isometric muscle strength, explosive muscle strength, and muscle mass increased significantly in the WBV group (9.8%, 10.9%, and 3.4%, respectively) and in the FIT group (13.1%, 9.8%, and 3.8%, respectively) with the training effects not significantly different between the groups. No significant changes in any parameter were found in the CON group. CONCLUSION: WBV training is as efficient as a fitness program to increase isometric and explosive knee extension strength and muscle mass of the upper leg in community-dwelling older men. These findings suggest that WBV training has potential to prevent or reverse the age-related loss in skeletal muscle mass, referred to as sarcopenia. SN - 1079-5006 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17595419/Impact_of_whole_body_vibration_training_versus_fitness_training_on_muscle_strength_and_muscle_mass_in_older_men:_a_1_year_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/biomedgerontology/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/gerona/62.6.630 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -