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Varus-valgus motion and functional ability in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
OBJECTIVETo assess the relationship between knee varus-valgus motion and functional ability, and the impact of knee varus-valgus motion on the relationship between muscle strength and functional ability in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee.
METHODSSixty-three patients with knee OA were tested. Varus-valgus motion was assessed by optoelectronic recording and three-dimensional motion analysis. Functional ability was assessed by observation, using a 100 m walking test, a Get Up and Go test, and WOMAC questionnaire. Muscle strength was measured by a computer-driven isokinetic dynamometer. Regression analyses were performed to assess the relationships between varus-valgus motion and functional ability, and to assess the impact of varus-valgus motion on the relationship between muscle strength and functional ability.
RESULTSIn patients with high varus-valgus range of motion, muscle weakness was associated with a stronger reduction in functional ability (ie, longer walking time and Get Up and Go time) than in patients with low varus-valgus range of motion. A pronounced varus position and a difference between the left and right knees in varus-valgus position were related with reduced functional ability.
CONCLUSIONSIn patients with knee OA with high varus-valgus range of motion, muscle weakness has a stronger impact on functional ability than in patients with low varus-valgus range of motion. Patients with knee OA with more pronounced varus knees during walking show a stronger reduction in functional ability than patients with less pronounced varus knees or with valgus knees.
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Annals of the rheumatic diseases 67:4 2008 Apr pg 471-7
Range of Motion, Articular
Severity of Illness Index
Pub Type(s)Journal Article