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Beverage patterns, diet quality, and body mass index of US preschool and school-aged children.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2007 Jul; 107(7):1124-33.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate diet quality and body mass index (BMI) by beverage patterns in children aged 2 to 11 years.

DESIGN

Beverage patterns were formed using 24-hour dietary recall diet variables from the 2001-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diet quality was assessed using energy, micronutrient intakes, and Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores (a 100-point scale that measures adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans).

SUBJECTS/SETTING

Children, aged 2 to 5 years (n=541) and 6 to 11 years (n=793), were selected from 2001-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Cluster analysis was used to identify beverage patterns in preschool and school-aged children. General linear models were used to compare HEI scores, energy, micronutrient intakes, and BMI across beverage clusters.

RESULTS

Four and five beverage clusters were identified for preschool and school-aged children, respectively. In preschool children, mean HEI differed between the fruit juice cluster (79.0) vs the high-fat milk cluster (70.9, P<0.01); however, both fruit juice and high-fat milk clusters had the highest micronutrient intakes. Mean HEI differed significantly across beverage patterns for school-aged children (from 63.2 to 69.9, P<0.01), with the high-fat milk cluster having the best diet quality, reflected by HEI and micronutrient intakes. Adjusted mean BMI differed significantly across beverage clusters only in school-aged children (from 17.8 to 19.9, P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Beverage patterns were related to diet quality among preschool and school-aged children, but were only related to BMI in school-aged children. Children from all clusters could benefit by consuming fewer calorically sweetened beverages and increasing micronutrient-dense foods.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53715, USA. Tara.larowe@fammed.wisc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17604741

Citation

LaRowe, Tara L., et al. "Beverage Patterns, Diet Quality, and Body Mass Index of US Preschool and School-aged Children." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 107, no. 7, 2007, pp. 1124-33.
LaRowe TL, Moeller SM, Adams AK. Beverage patterns, diet quality, and body mass index of US preschool and school-aged children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(7):1124-33.
LaRowe, T. L., Moeller, S. M., & Adams, A. K. (2007). Beverage patterns, diet quality, and body mass index of US preschool and school-aged children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(7), 1124-33.
LaRowe TL, Moeller SM, Adams AK. Beverage Patterns, Diet Quality, and Body Mass Index of US Preschool and School-aged Children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(7):1124-33. PubMed PMID: 17604741.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Beverage patterns, diet quality, and body mass index of US preschool and school-aged children. AU - LaRowe,Tara L, AU - Moeller,Suzen M, AU - Adams,Alexandra K, PY - 2006/09/19/received PY - 2007/7/3/pubmed PY - 2007/9/7/medline PY - 2007/7/3/entrez SP - 1124 EP - 33 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 107 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate diet quality and body mass index (BMI) by beverage patterns in children aged 2 to 11 years. DESIGN: Beverage patterns were formed using 24-hour dietary recall diet variables from the 2001-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diet quality was assessed using energy, micronutrient intakes, and Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores (a 100-point scale that measures adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans). SUBJECTS/SETTING: Children, aged 2 to 5 years (n=541) and 6 to 11 years (n=793), were selected from 2001-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Cluster analysis was used to identify beverage patterns in preschool and school-aged children. General linear models were used to compare HEI scores, energy, micronutrient intakes, and BMI across beverage clusters. RESULTS: Four and five beverage clusters were identified for preschool and school-aged children, respectively. In preschool children, mean HEI differed between the fruit juice cluster (79.0) vs the high-fat milk cluster (70.9, P<0.01); however, both fruit juice and high-fat milk clusters had the highest micronutrient intakes. Mean HEI differed significantly across beverage patterns for school-aged children (from 63.2 to 69.9, P<0.01), with the high-fat milk cluster having the best diet quality, reflected by HEI and micronutrient intakes. Adjusted mean BMI differed significantly across beverage clusters only in school-aged children (from 17.8 to 19.9, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Beverage patterns were related to diet quality among preschool and school-aged children, but were only related to BMI in school-aged children. Children from all clusters could benefit by consuming fewer calorically sweetened beverages and increasing micronutrient-dense foods. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17604741/Beverage_patterns_diet_quality_and_body_mass_index_of_US_preschool_and_school_aged_children_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -