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Comparison of different intravenous bisphosphonate regimens for Paget's disease of bone.
J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Oct; 22(10):1510-7.JB

Abstract

This randomized study compared different intravenous bisphosphonates in PDB. Zoledronate was superior with respect to pamidronate in achieving biochemical remission, with therapeutic response maintained in most patients at 15 mo. Single neridronate and zoledronate infusion showed a similar efficacy in up to 90% of patients nonresponders to pamidronate.

INTRODUCTION

Intravenous bisphosphonates represent a common therapy for Paget's disease of bone (PDB). However, there have been few head to head randomized trials comparing intravenous bisphosphonates.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

We performed a 15-mo, randomized study comparing different intravenous bisphosphonates in 90 subjects with active PDB. At baseline, patients were randomly assigned to receive pamidronate (30 mg, i.v., for 2 consecutive days every 3 mo; n = 60) or zoledronate (4 mg, i.v.; n = 30). After 6 mo, nonresponders to pamidronate were crossed over to zoledronate or neridronate (100 mg, i.v., for 2 consecutive days). The primary efficacy endpoint was therapeutic response at 6 mo, defined as normalization of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) or a reduction of at least 75% in total ALP excess.

RESULTS

At 6 mo, 97% of patients receiving zoledronate had a therapeutic response compared with 45% of patients receiving pamidronate. Normalization of ALP was achieved in 93% of patients in the zoledronate group and in 35% of patients in the pamidronate group. ALP normalization was maintained in 79% and 65% of zoledronate-treated patients after 12 and 15 mo, respectively; loss of therapeutic response was observed in 2 of 30 (6%) at 12 and 15 mo. At 6 mo, 27 patients showing therapeutic response to pamidronate continued the treatment, whereas nonresponders were crossed-over to neridronate (n = 15) or zoledronate (n = 18). Among these subjects, 14 of 15 (93%) in the neridronate group and 17 of 18 (94%) in the zoledronate group achieved a therapeutic response. Similar normalization rates were observed between neridronate- (80%) and zoledronate- (83%) treated subjects. Normalization and therapeutic response were maintained at 9 mo from treatment (corresponding to 15 mo from the baseline visit) in either neridronate or zoledronate groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Single neridronate and zoledronate infusion showed a similar efficacy in achieving biochemical remission in up to 90% of patients nonresponders to pamidronate. Therapeutic response to zoledronate seems to be maintained in most patients at 15 mo.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine, Metabolic Sciences, and Biochemistry, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. merlotti4@unisi.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17605632

Citation

Merlotti, Daniela, et al. "Comparison of Different Intravenous Bisphosphonate Regimens for Paget's Disease of Bone." Journal of Bone and Mineral Research : the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 22, no. 10, 2007, pp. 1510-7.
Merlotti D, Gennari L, Martini G, et al. Comparison of different intravenous bisphosphonate regimens for Paget's disease of bone. J Bone Miner Res. 2007;22(10):1510-7.
Merlotti, D., Gennari, L., Martini, G., Valleggi, F., De Paola, V., Avanzati, A., & Nuti, R. (2007). Comparison of different intravenous bisphosphonate regimens for Paget's disease of bone. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research : the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 22(10), 1510-7.
Merlotti D, et al. Comparison of Different Intravenous Bisphosphonate Regimens for Paget's Disease of Bone. J Bone Miner Res. 2007;22(10):1510-7. PubMed PMID: 17605632.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of different intravenous bisphosphonate regimens for Paget's disease of bone. AU - Merlotti,Daniela, AU - Gennari,Luigi, AU - Martini,Giuseppe, AU - Valleggi,Fabrizio, AU - De Paola,Vincenzo, AU - Avanzati,Annalisa, AU - Nuti,Ranuccio, PY - 2007/7/4/pubmed PY - 2008/1/9/medline PY - 2007/7/4/entrez SP - 1510 EP - 7 JF - Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research JO - J Bone Miner Res VL - 22 IS - 10 N2 - UNLABELLED: This randomized study compared different intravenous bisphosphonates in PDB. Zoledronate was superior with respect to pamidronate in achieving biochemical remission, with therapeutic response maintained in most patients at 15 mo. Single neridronate and zoledronate infusion showed a similar efficacy in up to 90% of patients nonresponders to pamidronate. INTRODUCTION: Intravenous bisphosphonates represent a common therapy for Paget's disease of bone (PDB). However, there have been few head to head randomized trials comparing intravenous bisphosphonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a 15-mo, randomized study comparing different intravenous bisphosphonates in 90 subjects with active PDB. At baseline, patients were randomly assigned to receive pamidronate (30 mg, i.v., for 2 consecutive days every 3 mo; n = 60) or zoledronate (4 mg, i.v.; n = 30). After 6 mo, nonresponders to pamidronate were crossed over to zoledronate or neridronate (100 mg, i.v., for 2 consecutive days). The primary efficacy endpoint was therapeutic response at 6 mo, defined as normalization of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) or a reduction of at least 75% in total ALP excess. RESULTS: At 6 mo, 97% of patients receiving zoledronate had a therapeutic response compared with 45% of patients receiving pamidronate. Normalization of ALP was achieved in 93% of patients in the zoledronate group and in 35% of patients in the pamidronate group. ALP normalization was maintained in 79% and 65% of zoledronate-treated patients after 12 and 15 mo, respectively; loss of therapeutic response was observed in 2 of 30 (6%) at 12 and 15 mo. At 6 mo, 27 patients showing therapeutic response to pamidronate continued the treatment, whereas nonresponders were crossed-over to neridronate (n = 15) or zoledronate (n = 18). Among these subjects, 14 of 15 (93%) in the neridronate group and 17 of 18 (94%) in the zoledronate group achieved a therapeutic response. Similar normalization rates were observed between neridronate- (80%) and zoledronate- (83%) treated subjects. Normalization and therapeutic response were maintained at 9 mo from treatment (corresponding to 15 mo from the baseline visit) in either neridronate or zoledronate groups. CONCLUSIONS: Single neridronate and zoledronate infusion showed a similar efficacy in achieving biochemical remission in up to 90% of patients nonresponders to pamidronate. Therapeutic response to zoledronate seems to be maintained in most patients at 15 mo. SN - 0884-0431 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17605632/Comparison_of_different_intravenous_bisphosphonate_regimens_for_Paget's_disease_of_bone_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.070704 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -