Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevalence and psychological correlates of occasional and repetitive deliberate self-harm in adolescents.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2007; 161(7):641-9AP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the prevalence and the associated psychological and social factors of occasional and repetitive deliberate self-harming behavior in adolescents.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional self-report survey.

SETTING

One hundred twenty-one schools in Germany.

PARTICIPANTS

A representative sample of 5759 ninth-grade students was studied between 2004 and 2005.

OUTCOME MEASURES

Deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicidal behaviors, emotional and behavioral problems (Youth Self-Report), living standard, family composition, parental conflict and illness, school type and performance, relationship to peers, bullying, body satisfaction and dieting, media consumption, smoking, and alcohol and drug use.

RESULTS

Occasional forms of DSH within the previous year were reported by 10.9% of the ninth-grade students. Four percent of the students reported repetitive forms of DSH. Suicidal behavior was strongly associated with repetitive DSH, an association that held for both subtypes of DSH. The findings also indicated that social background factors were important concomitants of occasional DSH but were not related to an increased likelihood of repetitive DSH. Symptoms of depression/anxiety and delinquent/aggressive behavior were associated with self-harming behavior in both adolescent girls and boys.

CONCLUSIONS

The data suggest that there is a link between social factors and occasional DSH and, especially in repetitive DSH, that there is a strong association between DSH and suicidal behavior as well as DSH and emotional and behavioral problems. These findings indicate a different pathway in the development of DSH in adolescents. The results support a need to investigate the possible neurobiological underpinnings of DSH within a longitudinal model to enhance the knowledge of this poorly understood behavior.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. romuald.brunner@med.uni-heidelberg.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17606826

Citation

Brunner, Romuald, et al. "Prevalence and Psychological Correlates of Occasional and Repetitive Deliberate Self-harm in Adolescents." Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 161, no. 7, 2007, pp. 641-9.
Brunner R, Parzer P, Haffner J, et al. Prevalence and psychological correlates of occasional and repetitive deliberate self-harm in adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007;161(7):641-9.
Brunner, R., Parzer, P., Haffner, J., Steen, R., Roos, J., Klett, M., & Resch, F. (2007). Prevalence and psychological correlates of occasional and repetitive deliberate self-harm in adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 161(7), pp. 641-9.
Brunner R, et al. Prevalence and Psychological Correlates of Occasional and Repetitive Deliberate Self-harm in Adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007;161(7):641-9. PubMed PMID: 17606826.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and psychological correlates of occasional and repetitive deliberate self-harm in adolescents. AU - Brunner,Romuald, AU - Parzer,Peter, AU - Haffner,Johann, AU - Steen,Rainer, AU - Roos,Jeanette, AU - Klett,Martin, AU - Resch,Franz, PY - 2007/7/4/pubmed PY - 2007/8/28/medline PY - 2007/7/4/entrez SP - 641 EP - 9 JF - Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine JO - Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med VL - 161 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and the associated psychological and social factors of occasional and repetitive deliberate self-harming behavior in adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional self-report survey. SETTING: One hundred twenty-one schools in Germany. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 5759 ninth-grade students was studied between 2004 and 2005. OUTCOME MEASURES: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicidal behaviors, emotional and behavioral problems (Youth Self-Report), living standard, family composition, parental conflict and illness, school type and performance, relationship to peers, bullying, body satisfaction and dieting, media consumption, smoking, and alcohol and drug use. RESULTS: Occasional forms of DSH within the previous year were reported by 10.9% of the ninth-grade students. Four percent of the students reported repetitive forms of DSH. Suicidal behavior was strongly associated with repetitive DSH, an association that held for both subtypes of DSH. The findings also indicated that social background factors were important concomitants of occasional DSH but were not related to an increased likelihood of repetitive DSH. Symptoms of depression/anxiety and delinquent/aggressive behavior were associated with self-harming behavior in both adolescent girls and boys. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that there is a link between social factors and occasional DSH and, especially in repetitive DSH, that there is a strong association between DSH and suicidal behavior as well as DSH and emotional and behavioral problems. These findings indicate a different pathway in the development of DSH in adolescents. The results support a need to investigate the possible neurobiological underpinnings of DSH within a longitudinal model to enhance the knowledge of this poorly understood behavior. SN - 1072-4710 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17606826/Prevalence_and_psychological_correlates_of_occasional_and_repetitive_deliberate_self_harm_in_adolescents_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/fullarticle/10.1001/archpedi.161.7.641 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -