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Associations between bullying behaviour, psychosomatic complaints, emotional and behavioural problems.
J Paediatr Child Health. 2008 Sep; 44(9):492-7.JP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Bullying or being bullied have been demonstrated to be related to a broad spectrum of behavioural, emotional and social problems. The present study aimed at analysing psychosomatic, emotional and behavioural problems among Italian bullies, victims and bully victims.

STUDY DESIGN

In a cross-sectional study, 565 primary-school children completed self-reported measures for bullying, victimisation and psychosomatic complaints. Teachers rated each child on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.

RESULTS

Within our sample, 11.2% of children were classified as bullies, 7.1% were classified as victims and 10.4% were classified as bully victims. Compared with the students who were not involved in bullying, victims had a higher risk for conduct problems (2.43 (1.18-5.03)), hyperactivity (2.41 (1.05-5.53)) and problems with peers (4.40 (2.08-9.33)). Bully victims had a higher risk for conduct problems (2.41 (1.28-4.54) and hyperactivity (2.58 (1.25-5.32)). Finally, bullies had higher risk for hyperactivity (2.06 (1.01-4.21)). All groups of children also had a higher risk for several psychosomatic symptoms than uninvolved children.

CONCLUSIONS

Children involved in bullying as victims and bully victims had significantly higher risk for psychosomatic problems and psychosocial maladjustment than uninvolved children, whereas bullies manifested the fewest number of adjustment problems. When addressing bullying in a school community, particular care should be devoted to the identification and help of children who are involved as victims or bully victims.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Padua, Padua, Italy. gianluca.gini@unipd.it

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17608653

Citation

Gini, Gianluca. "Associations Between Bullying Behaviour, Psychosomatic Complaints, Emotional and Behavioural Problems." Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, vol. 44, no. 9, 2008, pp. 492-7.
Gini G. Associations between bullying behaviour, psychosomatic complaints, emotional and behavioural problems. J Paediatr Child Health. 2008;44(9):492-7.
Gini, G. (2008). Associations between bullying behaviour, psychosomatic complaints, emotional and behavioural problems. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 44(9), 492-7.
Gini G. Associations Between Bullying Behaviour, Psychosomatic Complaints, Emotional and Behavioural Problems. J Paediatr Child Health. 2008;44(9):492-7. PubMed PMID: 17608653.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between bullying behaviour, psychosomatic complaints, emotional and behavioural problems. A1 - Gini,Gianluca, Y1 - 2007/06/29/ PY - 2007/7/5/pubmed PY - 2009/2/27/medline PY - 2007/7/5/entrez SP - 492 EP - 7 JF - Journal of paediatrics and child health JO - J Paediatr Child Health VL - 44 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Bullying or being bullied have been demonstrated to be related to a broad spectrum of behavioural, emotional and social problems. The present study aimed at analysing psychosomatic, emotional and behavioural problems among Italian bullies, victims and bully victims. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, 565 primary-school children completed self-reported measures for bullying, victimisation and psychosomatic complaints. Teachers rated each child on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. RESULTS: Within our sample, 11.2% of children were classified as bullies, 7.1% were classified as victims and 10.4% were classified as bully victims. Compared with the students who were not involved in bullying, victims had a higher risk for conduct problems (2.43 (1.18-5.03)), hyperactivity (2.41 (1.05-5.53)) and problems with peers (4.40 (2.08-9.33)). Bully victims had a higher risk for conduct problems (2.41 (1.28-4.54) and hyperactivity (2.58 (1.25-5.32)). Finally, bullies had higher risk for hyperactivity (2.06 (1.01-4.21)). All groups of children also had a higher risk for several psychosomatic symptoms than uninvolved children. CONCLUSIONS: Children involved in bullying as victims and bully victims had significantly higher risk for psychosomatic problems and psychosocial maladjustment than uninvolved children, whereas bullies manifested the fewest number of adjustment problems. When addressing bullying in a school community, particular care should be devoted to the identification and help of children who are involved as victims or bully victims. SN - 1440-1754 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17608653/Associations_between_bullying_behaviour_psychosomatic_complaints_emotional_and_behavioural_problems_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1754.2007.01155.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -