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Obsessive-compulsive and eating disorders: comparison of clinical and personality features.
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007 Aug; 61(4):385-91.PC

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine whether anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) share clinical and psychopathological traits. The sample consisted of 90 female patients (30 OCD; 30 AN; 30 BN), who had been consecutively referred to the Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge, Barcelona. All subjects met DSM-IV criteria for those pathologies. The assessment consisted of the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI), Questionnaire of obsessive traits and personality by Vallejo, Eating Attitudes Test-40 (EAT-40), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). ANCOVA tests (adjusted for age and body mass index) and multiple linear regression models based on obsessive-compulsiveness, obsessive personality traits and perfectionism, as independent variables, were applied to determine the best predictors of eating disorder severity. On ancova several significant differences were found between obsessive-compulsive and eating-disordered patients (MOCI, P < 0.001; EAT, P < 0.001; EDI, P < 0.001), whereas some obsessive personality traits were not eating disorder specific. A total of 16.7% OCD patients presented a comorbid eating disorder, whereas 3.3% eating disorders patients had an OCD diagnosis. In the eating disorder group, the presence of OC symptomatology was positively associated (r = 0.57, P < 0.001) with the severity of the eating disorder. The results were maintained after adjusting for comorbidity. Although some obsessive-compulsive and eating disorder patients share common traits (e.g. some personality traits especially between OCD and AN), both disorders seem to be clinically and psychopathologically different.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge, Barcelona, Spain. sjimenez@csub.scs.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17610663

Citation

Jiménez-Murcia, Susana, et al. "Obsessive-compulsive and Eating Disorders: Comparison of Clinical and Personality Features." Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, vol. 61, no. 4, 2007, pp. 385-91.
Jiménez-Murcia S, Fernández-Aranda F, Raich RM, et al. Obsessive-compulsive and eating disorders: comparison of clinical and personality features. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007;61(4):385-91.
Jiménez-Murcia, S., Fernández-Aranda, F., Raich, R. M., Alonso, P., Krug, I., Jaurrieta, N., Alvarez-Moya, E., Labad, J., Menchón, J. M., & Vallejo, J. (2007). Obsessive-compulsive and eating disorders: comparison of clinical and personality features. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 61(4), 385-91.
Jiménez-Murcia S, et al. Obsessive-compulsive and Eating Disorders: Comparison of Clinical and Personality Features. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007;61(4):385-91. PubMed PMID: 17610663.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Obsessive-compulsive and eating disorders: comparison of clinical and personality features. AU - Jiménez-Murcia,Susana, AU - Fernández-Aranda,Fernando, AU - Raich,Rosa M, AU - Alonso,Pino, AU - Krug,Isabel, AU - Jaurrieta,Nuria, AU - Alvarez-Moya,Eva, AU - Labad,Javier, AU - Menchón,Jose M, AU - Vallejo,Julio, PY - 2007/7/6/pubmed PY - 2007/8/29/medline PY - 2007/7/6/entrez SP - 385 EP - 91 JF - Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences JO - Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. VL - 61 IS - 4 N2 - The aim of the present study was to determine whether anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) share clinical and psychopathological traits. The sample consisted of 90 female patients (30 OCD; 30 AN; 30 BN), who had been consecutively referred to the Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge, Barcelona. All subjects met DSM-IV criteria for those pathologies. The assessment consisted of the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI), Questionnaire of obsessive traits and personality by Vallejo, Eating Attitudes Test-40 (EAT-40), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). ANCOVA tests (adjusted for age and body mass index) and multiple linear regression models based on obsessive-compulsiveness, obsessive personality traits and perfectionism, as independent variables, were applied to determine the best predictors of eating disorder severity. On ancova several significant differences were found between obsessive-compulsive and eating-disordered patients (MOCI, P < 0.001; EAT, P < 0.001; EDI, P < 0.001), whereas some obsessive personality traits were not eating disorder specific. A total of 16.7% OCD patients presented a comorbid eating disorder, whereas 3.3% eating disorders patients had an OCD diagnosis. In the eating disorder group, the presence of OC symptomatology was positively associated (r = 0.57, P < 0.001) with the severity of the eating disorder. The results were maintained after adjusting for comorbidity. Although some obsessive-compulsive and eating disorder patients share common traits (e.g. some personality traits especially between OCD and AN), both disorders seem to be clinically and psychopathologically different. SN - 1323-1316 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17610663/Obsessive_compulsive_and_eating_disorders:_comparison_of_clinical_and_personality_features_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1819.2007.01673.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -