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Life-course epidemiology: concepts and theoretical models and its relevance to chronic oral conditions.

Abstract

Etiological models that predominantly emphasize current adult life styles, such as smoking, diet and lack of exercise have recently been seriously challenged by a growing body of evidence that disturbed early growth and development, childhood infection, poor nutrition, and social and psychosocial disadvantage across the life-course affect chronic disease risk, including chronic oral disease. This relatively new area of research is called life-course epidemiology. The life-course framework for investigating the aetiology and natural history of chronic disease proposes that advantages and disadvantages are accumulated throughout life generating differentials in health along the life-course, but most importantly later in life. Furthermore, its dynamic framework brings together the effects of intrinsic factors (individual resources) with extrinsic factors (environmental factors). The aim of this paper is to give an overview of this new epidemiological approach and to discuss how the life-course framework has been applied to chronic oral conditions.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Unité d'épidémiologie et biostatistique, INRS - Institut Armand-Frappier, Laval, QC, Canada. belinda.nicolau@iaf.inrs.ca

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Causality
    Chronic Disease
    Dental Caries
    Epidemiologic Methods
    Humans
    Life Change Events
    Models, Theoretical
    Periodontal Diseases
    Social Environment
    Socioeconomic Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17615010

    Citation

    Nicolau, B, et al. "Life-course Epidemiology: Concepts and Theoretical Models and Its Relevance to Chronic Oral Conditions." Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 35, no. 4, 2007, pp. 241-9.
    Nicolau B, Thomson WM, Steele JG, et al. Life-course epidemiology: concepts and theoretical models and its relevance to chronic oral conditions. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2007;35(4):241-9.
    Nicolau, B., Thomson, W. M., Steele, J. G., & Allison, P. J. (2007). Life-course epidemiology: concepts and theoretical models and its relevance to chronic oral conditions. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 35(4), pp. 241-9.
    Nicolau B, et al. Life-course Epidemiology: Concepts and Theoretical Models and Its Relevance to Chronic Oral Conditions. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2007;35(4):241-9. PubMed PMID: 17615010.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Life-course epidemiology: concepts and theoretical models and its relevance to chronic oral conditions. AU - Nicolau,B, AU - Thomson,W M, AU - Steele,J G, AU - Allison,P J, PY - 2007/7/7/pubmed PY - 2007/9/26/medline PY - 2007/7/7/entrez SP - 241 EP - 9 JF - Community dentistry and oral epidemiology JO - Community Dent Oral Epidemiol VL - 35 IS - 4 N2 - Etiological models that predominantly emphasize current adult life styles, such as smoking, diet and lack of exercise have recently been seriously challenged by a growing body of evidence that disturbed early growth and development, childhood infection, poor nutrition, and social and psychosocial disadvantage across the life-course affect chronic disease risk, including chronic oral disease. This relatively new area of research is called life-course epidemiology. The life-course framework for investigating the aetiology and natural history of chronic disease proposes that advantages and disadvantages are accumulated throughout life generating differentials in health along the life-course, but most importantly later in life. Furthermore, its dynamic framework brings together the effects of intrinsic factors (individual resources) with extrinsic factors (environmental factors). The aim of this paper is to give an overview of this new epidemiological approach and to discuss how the life-course framework has been applied to chronic oral conditions. SN - 0301-5661 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17615010/Life_course_epidemiology:_concepts_and_theoretical_models_and_its_relevance_to_chronic_oral_conditions_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0528.2007.00332.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -