Aquaporin molecular characterization in the sea-bass (Dicentrarchus labrax): the effect of salinity on AQP1 and AQP3 expression.Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2007 Oct; 148(2):430-44.CB
Euryhaline fish possess the ability to compensate for environmental salinity changes through hydro-mineral regulation. A number of proteins have been studied in order to understand water and ion exchanges, known as fish osmoregulation. Sea-bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) cDNA sequences encoding a homologue of mammalian aquaporin (termed AQP1) and a homologue of mammalian aquaglyceroporin (termed AQP3) have been isolated and sequenced. The aquaporin amino acid sequences share respectively more than 60% and 65% identity with other known aquaporins. We have shown that salinity influences aquaporin expression levels in the gill, kidney and digestive tract, the main osmoregulatory organs. AQP1 may have a major osmoregulatory role in water transport in kidney and gut in SW-acclimated fish, whereas AQP3 could be implicated in gill water transport in FW-acclimated fish.