Racial differences in the incidence and progression of renal diseases.Kidney Int 1991; 40(5):815-22KI
There is an excess incidence of ESRD treatment among non-White North Americans that is not completely explained by the racial prevalences of the underlying diseases, including hypertension, which can potentially cause renal disease. The racial difference is particularly striking for presumed nephrosclerosis from hypertension and for nephropathy from Type II diabetes, but is not yet substantiated for ESRD attributed to polycystic kidney disease or Type I diabetes. The existing data are insufficient to support the notion that poorer blood pressure control alone is responsible for the racial differences in incident ESRD. Black race (and possibly Mexican or Native American heritage) may be a specific risk factor for ESRD, independent of hypertension and its treatment.