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Similarities and differences in mothers' and observers' ratings of infant security on the Attachment Q-Sort.
Infant Behav Dev. 2008 Jan; 31(1):10-22.IB

Abstract

This study examined the similarities and differences in maternal and observer Attachment Behavior Q-Sort ratings (AQS; Waters, 1995) and their relations to dimensions of the developmental ecology - maternal sensitivity, infant irritability, parental stress and psychosocial risk. Data was gathered from low risk (adult mothers; N=44) and high risk mother-infant dyads (adolescent mothers; N=83) when infants were aged 6, 10 and 15 months old, attachment being assessed at 15 months by both mothers and independent observers. A common factor was extracted from both sorts and served to operationalize the similarities between mother and observer ratings. Regressions were conducted to extract maternal and observer AQS scores that were unrelated to each other to represent the difference between the two sorts. Correlation analyses indicated that the common AQS factor was moderately linked to maternal sensitivity and parental stress, and showed a weak association to psychosocial risk and infant irritability. Residual maternal scores showed greater correlations with infant irritability and parental stress than did observer residual scores. Observer scores showed a greater correlation with psychosocial risk than maternal scores. Results suggest that common AQS variance presents a pattern of associations with ecological variables that is coherent with attachment research. Variance related to irritability, stress and risk appear to drive the differences between maternal and observer observations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Groupe de recherche sur l'inadaptation psychosociale chez l'enfant, Ecole de psychologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada. George.Tarabulsy@psy.ulaval.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17624438

Citation

Tarabulsy, George M., et al. "Similarities and Differences in Mothers' and Observers' Ratings of Infant Security On the Attachment Q-Sort." Infant Behavior & Development, vol. 31, no. 1, 2008, pp. 10-22.
Tarabulsy GM, Provost MA, Larose S, et al. Similarities and differences in mothers' and observers' ratings of infant security on the Attachment Q-Sort. Infant Behav Dev. 2008;31(1):10-22.
Tarabulsy, G. M., Provost, M. A., Larose, S., Moss, E., Lemelin, J. P., Moran, G., Forbes, L., & Pederson, D. R. (2008). Similarities and differences in mothers' and observers' ratings of infant security on the Attachment Q-Sort. Infant Behavior & Development, 31(1), 10-22.
Tarabulsy GM, et al. Similarities and Differences in Mothers' and Observers' Ratings of Infant Security On the Attachment Q-Sort. Infant Behav Dev. 2008;31(1):10-22. PubMed PMID: 17624438.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Similarities and differences in mothers' and observers' ratings of infant security on the Attachment Q-Sort. AU - Tarabulsy,George M, AU - Provost,Marc A, AU - Larose,Simon, AU - Moss,Ellen, AU - Lemelin,Jean-Pascal, AU - Moran,Greg, AU - Forbes,Lindsey, AU - Pederson,David R, Y1 - 2007/07/12/ PY - 2006/12/18/received PY - 2007/05/02/revised PY - 2007/05/22/accepted PY - 2007/7/13/pubmed PY - 2008/2/22/medline PY - 2007/7/13/entrez SP - 10 EP - 22 JF - Infant behavior & development JO - Infant Behav Dev VL - 31 IS - 1 N2 - This study examined the similarities and differences in maternal and observer Attachment Behavior Q-Sort ratings (AQS; Waters, 1995) and their relations to dimensions of the developmental ecology - maternal sensitivity, infant irritability, parental stress and psychosocial risk. Data was gathered from low risk (adult mothers; N=44) and high risk mother-infant dyads (adolescent mothers; N=83) when infants were aged 6, 10 and 15 months old, attachment being assessed at 15 months by both mothers and independent observers. A common factor was extracted from both sorts and served to operationalize the similarities between mother and observer ratings. Regressions were conducted to extract maternal and observer AQS scores that were unrelated to each other to represent the difference between the two sorts. Correlation analyses indicated that the common AQS factor was moderately linked to maternal sensitivity and parental stress, and showed a weak association to psychosocial risk and infant irritability. Residual maternal scores showed greater correlations with infant irritability and parental stress than did observer residual scores. Observer scores showed a greater correlation with psychosocial risk than maternal scores. Results suggest that common AQS variance presents a pattern of associations with ecological variables that is coherent with attachment research. Variance related to irritability, stress and risk appear to drive the differences between maternal and observer observations. SN - 1934-8800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17624438/Similarities_and_differences_in_mothers'_and_observers'_ratings_of_infant_security_on_the_Attachment_Q_Sort_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0163-6383(07)00068-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -