Addition products of alpha-tocopherol with lipid-derived free radicals.Vitam Horm 2007; 76:309-27VH
The addition products of alpha-tocopherol with lipid-derived free radicals have been reviewed. Free radical scavenging reactions of alpha-tocopherol take place via the alpha-tocopheroxyl radical as an intermediate. If a suitable free radical is present, an addition product can be formed from the coupling of the free radical with the alpha-tocopheroxyl radical. The addition products of alpha-tocopherol with lipid-peroxyl radicals are 8a-(lipid-dioxy)-alpha-tocopherones, which are hydrolyzed to alpha-tocopherylquinone. On the other hand, the carbon-centered radicals of lipids prefer to react with the phenoxyl radical of alpha-tocopherol to form 6-O-lipid-alpha-tocopherol under anaerobic conditions. The addition products of alpha-tocopherol with peroxyl radicals (epoxylinoleoyl-peroxyl radicals) produced from cholesteryl ester and phosphatidylcholine were detected in the peroxidized human plasma using a high-sensitive HPLC procedure with postcolumn reduction and electrochemical detection. Thus, the formation of these addition products provides us with much information on the antioxidant function of vitamin E in biological systems.