Combination of clinical risk profile, early exercise testing and circulating biomarkers for evaluation of patients with acute chest pain without ST-segment deviation or troponin elevation.Heart 2008; 94(3):311-5H
To investigate the combination of clinical data, exercise testing and biomarkers for the evaluation of patients with chest pain without ST-segment deviation or troponin elevation.
Prospective cohort design. SETTTING: Two teaching hospitals in Spain.
422 patients presenting to the emergency department were studied. Leukocyte count, C-reactive protein (CRP), pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were determined. A validated clinical risk score (number of points according to pain characteristics and risk factors) was used for clinical evaluation and early exercise testing was performed.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Adverse events (death, myocardial infarction or revascularisation) during a median 60 weeks follow-up.
By receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the association between death or myocardial infarction and adverse events was not significant with leukocyte count (p = 0.3, p = 0.3) or CRP (p = 0.5, p = 0.8), was borderline significant with PAPP-A (p = 0.07, p = 0.04) and strongly significant with NT-pro-BNP (p = 0.0001, p = 0.0001). By Cox regression including clinical risk score, exercise testing result and biomarkers, exercise testing was the independent predictor of revascularisation (p = 0.0001), whereas risk score (p = 0.03) and NT-proBNP (p = 0.0004) predicted death or myocardial infarction. The inclusion of NT-proBNP improved the accuracy of the model for death or myocardial infarction (C-statistic 0.84 versus 0.76, p = 0.01). The combination of clinical score and NT-proBNP afforded the stratification in high (17.2%, p = 0.0001), intermediate (5.3%) and low (1.1%) risk categories of death or myocardial infarction.
NT-proBNP provides incremental prognostic information above that given by clinical history and exercise testing in patients with chest pain without ST-segment deviation and negative troponin.