Cannabinoid CB1 receptor stimulation affords neuroprotection in MPTP-induced neurotoxicity by attenuating S100B up-regulation in vitro.J Mol Med (Berl). 2007 Dec; 85(12):1379-92.JM
In this study, we investigated the mechanism of S100B neurotoxicity and the effect of cannabinoids, in C6 cells treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl 1,2,3,6 tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and co-cultured with differentiated PC12 cells. MPTP concentration- and time-dependently increased S100B density in C6 cells. This effect was followed by increased C6 cell proliferation and decreased cell viability of co-cultured PC12 cells. An antibody against S100B, given to PC12 cells before co-culture, led to their survival. Treatment with arachidonyl-2-chloroethylamide, a CB1 agonist, significantly inhibited MPTP-induced S100B density in C6 cells and protected co-cultured PC12 cells from cell death. Because MPTP selectively increased the levels of anandamide in C6 cells, the involvement of the endocannabinoid system was investigated by using selective inhibitors of endocannabinoid inactivation (cellular re-uptake or enzymatic hydrolysis) and selective cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptor antagonists and by silencing the CB1 receptor. Our data suggest that selective activation of CB1 receptors by either exogenous or endogenous cannabinoids might afford neuroprotection in MPTP-induced neurotoxicity also by controlling S100B up-regulation in activated glial cells.