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Protein and legume intake and prostate cancer mortality in Puerto Rican men.
Nutr Cancer 2007; 58(2):146-52NC

Abstract

Prostate cancer is the number 1 cancer killer among Puerto Rican (PR) men. Plant foods have been inversely associated with prostate cancer. Legumes play a significant role in the PR diet; consumption of legumes in PR (14 lb/capita) was double that of the United States (7 lb/capita). We examined dietary protein consumption (from baseline 24-h dietary recalls) and prostate cancer mortality in the PR Heart Health Program, a cohort study of 9,824 men aged 35-79 years at baseline (1964) with follow-up until 2005. Total protein intake in the cohort was 85 g/day, and sources of protein were 30% vegetable, 30% dairy, 31% animal, and 8% seafood protein. Legume intake was 2.3 servings/day (1/4 cup each). Legume intake was not associated with prostate cancer mortality [comparing highest quartile to lowest quartile-odds ratio (OR) 1.40 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.91-2.18], P trend 0.17]-nor were total protein, animal, seafood, dairy, or vegetable protein intakes. Consuming 1-2 servings of fruit was inversely associated (OR 0.50, 95% CI 0.32-0.77), whereas consuming more than 2 servings of fruit was not associated with prostate cancer mortality. Thus, we find no association between legumes or protein intake and prostate cancer mortality in this longitudinal cohort study of PR men.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Community Health, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97201, USA. smit@pdx.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17640160

Citation

Smit, Ellen, et al. "Protein and Legume Intake and Prostate Cancer Mortality in Puerto Rican Men." Nutrition and Cancer, vol. 58, no. 2, 2007, pp. 146-52.
Smit E, Garcia-Palmieri MR, Figueroa NR, et al. Protein and legume intake and prostate cancer mortality in Puerto Rican men. Nutr Cancer. 2007;58(2):146-52.
Smit, E., Garcia-Palmieri, M. R., Figueroa, N. R., McGee, D. L., Messina, M., Freudenheim, J. L., & Crespo, C. J. (2007). Protein and legume intake and prostate cancer mortality in Puerto Rican men. Nutrition and Cancer, 58(2), pp. 146-52.
Smit E, et al. Protein and Legume Intake and Prostate Cancer Mortality in Puerto Rican Men. Nutr Cancer. 2007;58(2):146-52. PubMed PMID: 17640160.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Protein and legume intake and prostate cancer mortality in Puerto Rican men. AU - Smit,Ellen, AU - Garcia-Palmieri,Mario R, AU - Figueroa,Nayda R, AU - McGee,Daniel L, AU - Messina,Mark, AU - Freudenheim,Jo L, AU - Crespo,Carlos J, PY - 2007/7/21/pubmed PY - 2007/10/10/medline PY - 2007/7/21/entrez SP - 146 EP - 52 JF - Nutrition and cancer JO - Nutr Cancer VL - 58 IS - 2 N2 - Prostate cancer is the number 1 cancer killer among Puerto Rican (PR) men. Plant foods have been inversely associated with prostate cancer. Legumes play a significant role in the PR diet; consumption of legumes in PR (14 lb/capita) was double that of the United States (7 lb/capita). We examined dietary protein consumption (from baseline 24-h dietary recalls) and prostate cancer mortality in the PR Heart Health Program, a cohort study of 9,824 men aged 35-79 years at baseline (1964) with follow-up until 2005. Total protein intake in the cohort was 85 g/day, and sources of protein were 30% vegetable, 30% dairy, 31% animal, and 8% seafood protein. Legume intake was 2.3 servings/day (1/4 cup each). Legume intake was not associated with prostate cancer mortality [comparing highest quartile to lowest quartile-odds ratio (OR) 1.40 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.91-2.18], P trend 0.17]-nor were total protein, animal, seafood, dairy, or vegetable protein intakes. Consuming 1-2 servings of fruit was inversely associated (OR 0.50, 95% CI 0.32-0.77), whereas consuming more than 2 servings of fruit was not associated with prostate cancer mortality. Thus, we find no association between legumes or protein intake and prostate cancer mortality in this longitudinal cohort study of PR men. SN - 0163-5581 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17640160/Protein_and_legume_intake_and_prostate_cancer_mortality_in_Puerto_Rican_men_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01635580701328206 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -