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Improvement of bone and mineral parameters related to adynamic bone disease by diminishing dialysate calcium.
Bone. 2007 Oct; 41(4):698-703.BONE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The existence of adynamic bone disease (ABD) as most prevalent form of renal osteodystrophy in recent years and its reduced ability to handle an exogenous calcium load has implied a higher risk for vascular and soft-tissue calcifications. The effect of low dialysate calcium (LCD) on parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in ABD patients has not yet sufficiently been clarified. This randomized, prospective study aimed to compare the effects of LCD and high calcium dialysate (HCD) on the evolution of bone and mineral parameters related to ABD in dialysis patients.

METHODS

52 out of 60 patients with predialysis intact PTH<100 pg/ml completed this study and were equally distributed over LCD (1.25 mmol/l) or HCD (1.75 mmol/l) treatment. The duration of the study was 6 months and the only peroral phosphate binder administered was calcium carbonate. Total and ionised calcium were measured monthly in serum before and after dialysis while serum parameters relevant to bone were measured at the enrollment and at 3-month intervals.

RESULTS

There were no differences in predialysis mean phosphate or calcium x phosphorus product (Ca x P). The most common side effects of both treatments were comparable. Hypotension occurred in 16% and 17% and cramps in 6% and 8% of the dialysis sessions, in the HCD and LCD group, respectively. The groups did not differ in the mean tCa before dialysis, but this parameter was significantly higher in the HCD group vs. LCD at the end of dialysis (2.59+/-0.18 vs. 2.44+/-0.19 mmol/l; p<0.01). The patients of the HCD group also had a significantly higher mean iCa both before (1.08+/-0.05 vs. 1.04+/-0.06 mmol/l; p=0.02) and at the end of dialysis (1.18+/-0.04 vs. 1.48+/-0.04 mmol/l; p<0.01). There were no differences within the LCD group between baseline and end of dialysis treatment values of tCa and iCa. However, the mean tCa and iCa were markedly increased at the end of dialysis in the HDC group [2.40+/-0.21 vs. 2.59+/-0.18 mmol/l (p<0.01); 1.08+/-0.05 vs. 1.18+/-0.04 mmol/l (p<0.01)]. Mean serum levels of iPTH and total alkaline phosphatase in the LCD group were increased at 3 months and at the end of the study compared with the baseline levels [(38.6+/-22.9 vs. 63.3+/-46.0 vs. 78.6+/-44.7 pg/ml); (59.5+/-18.7 vs. 75.9+/-26.7 vs. 84.0+/-35.4 U/l)], respectively, and bone alkaline phosphatase increased also only after 6 months of treatment (23.4+/-7.3 U/l vs. 35.6+/-22.3). The bone markers in the HCD group did not change. At the end of the study all bone parameters in the LCD group were significantly higher than in the HCD group.

CONCLUSION

There was an evolution towards parameters reflecting higher bone turnover in patients treated with dialysate calcium of 1.25 mmol/l, probably by prevention of a positive calcium balance and enabling sustained stimulation of PTH secretion. Hence, LCD might be considered a valuable therapeutic option for ABD patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nephrology, Clinical Center Skopje, University of Skopje, Vodnjanska 17, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia. gspas@sonet.com.mkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17643363

Citation

Spasovski, Goce, et al. "Improvement of Bone and Mineral Parameters Related to Adynamic Bone Disease By Diminishing Dialysate Calcium." Bone, vol. 41, no. 4, 2007, pp. 698-703.
Spasovski G, Gelev S, Masin-Spasovska J, et al. Improvement of bone and mineral parameters related to adynamic bone disease by diminishing dialysate calcium. Bone. 2007;41(4):698-703.
Spasovski, G., Gelev, S., Masin-Spasovska, J., Selim, G., Sikole, A., & Vanholder, R. (2007). Improvement of bone and mineral parameters related to adynamic bone disease by diminishing dialysate calcium. Bone, 41(4), 698-703.
Spasovski G, et al. Improvement of Bone and Mineral Parameters Related to Adynamic Bone Disease By Diminishing Dialysate Calcium. Bone. 2007;41(4):698-703. PubMed PMID: 17643363.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Improvement of bone and mineral parameters related to adynamic bone disease by diminishing dialysate calcium. AU - Spasovski,Goce, AU - Gelev,Saso, AU - Masin-Spasovska,Jelka, AU - Selim,Gjulsen, AU - Sikole,Aleksandar, AU - Vanholder,Raymond, Y1 - 2007/06/29/ PY - 2007/02/05/received PY - 2007/05/24/revised PY - 2007/06/20/accepted PY - 2007/7/24/pubmed PY - 2007/12/6/medline PY - 2007/7/24/entrez SP - 698 EP - 703 JF - Bone JO - Bone VL - 41 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: The existence of adynamic bone disease (ABD) as most prevalent form of renal osteodystrophy in recent years and its reduced ability to handle an exogenous calcium load has implied a higher risk for vascular and soft-tissue calcifications. The effect of low dialysate calcium (LCD) on parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in ABD patients has not yet sufficiently been clarified. This randomized, prospective study aimed to compare the effects of LCD and high calcium dialysate (HCD) on the evolution of bone and mineral parameters related to ABD in dialysis patients. METHODS: 52 out of 60 patients with predialysis intact PTH<100 pg/ml completed this study and were equally distributed over LCD (1.25 mmol/l) or HCD (1.75 mmol/l) treatment. The duration of the study was 6 months and the only peroral phosphate binder administered was calcium carbonate. Total and ionised calcium were measured monthly in serum before and after dialysis while serum parameters relevant to bone were measured at the enrollment and at 3-month intervals. RESULTS: There were no differences in predialysis mean phosphate or calcium x phosphorus product (Ca x P). The most common side effects of both treatments were comparable. Hypotension occurred in 16% and 17% and cramps in 6% and 8% of the dialysis sessions, in the HCD and LCD group, respectively. The groups did not differ in the mean tCa before dialysis, but this parameter was significantly higher in the HCD group vs. LCD at the end of dialysis (2.59+/-0.18 vs. 2.44+/-0.19 mmol/l; p<0.01). The patients of the HCD group also had a significantly higher mean iCa both before (1.08+/-0.05 vs. 1.04+/-0.06 mmol/l; p=0.02) and at the end of dialysis (1.18+/-0.04 vs. 1.48+/-0.04 mmol/l; p<0.01). There were no differences within the LCD group between baseline and end of dialysis treatment values of tCa and iCa. However, the mean tCa and iCa were markedly increased at the end of dialysis in the HDC group [2.40+/-0.21 vs. 2.59+/-0.18 mmol/l (p<0.01); 1.08+/-0.05 vs. 1.18+/-0.04 mmol/l (p<0.01)]. Mean serum levels of iPTH and total alkaline phosphatase in the LCD group were increased at 3 months and at the end of the study compared with the baseline levels [(38.6+/-22.9 vs. 63.3+/-46.0 vs. 78.6+/-44.7 pg/ml); (59.5+/-18.7 vs. 75.9+/-26.7 vs. 84.0+/-35.4 U/l)], respectively, and bone alkaline phosphatase increased also only after 6 months of treatment (23.4+/-7.3 U/l vs. 35.6+/-22.3). The bone markers in the HCD group did not change. At the end of the study all bone parameters in the LCD group were significantly higher than in the HCD group. CONCLUSION: There was an evolution towards parameters reflecting higher bone turnover in patients treated with dialysate calcium of 1.25 mmol/l, probably by prevention of a positive calcium balance and enabling sustained stimulation of PTH secretion. Hence, LCD might be considered a valuable therapeutic option for ABD patients. SN - 8756-3282 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17643363/Improvement_of_bone_and_mineral_parameters_related_to_adynamic_bone_disease_by_diminishing_dialysate_calcium_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S8756-3282(07)00543-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -