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Influence of diabetes on characteristics and outcomes in patients hospitalized with heart failure: a report from the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF).
Am Heart J. 2007 Aug; 154(2):277.e1-8.AH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Diabetes, a common comorbidity in patients with heart failure (HF), is associated with worse long-term outcomes in patients with HF due to systolic dysfunction. Whether diabetes mellitus (DM) influences characteristics and outcomes in patients hospitalized with HF has not been well studied.

METHODS

The Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure is a patient registry and performance-improvement program for patients hospitalized with HF that included a prespecified 10% subgroup with 60- to 90-day follow-up data. Data were analyzed as DM compared with no DM. Pearson chi2 test for categorical variables and t test for continuous variables were used, as was a multivariable analysis that included a stepwise Cox proportional hazard model.

RESULTS

Among 48,612 patients from 259 hospitals, 42% had DM. Heart failure patients with DM tended to be younger, with greater likelihood of ischemic etiology, and higher serum creatinine levels. Heart failure patients with DM received quality care measures to a similar degree, with a few modest exceptions. No differences in in-hospital mortality were observed, but HF patients with DM experienced modestly longer length of stay (5.9 vs 5.5 days for nondiabetic patients; P < .0001). In the 5791 patients in the follow-up cohort, patients with DM (n = 2464) had similar postdischarge mortality but increased all-cause rehospitalization (31.5% vs 28.2% for nondiabetic patients; P = .006). Multivariable analysis showed that DM was not an independent predictor of in-hospital (odds ratio, 1.00; 95% confidence interval, 0.88-1.14; P = .99) or follow-up mortality (hazard ratio, 1.08; 95% confidence interval, 0.87-1.35; P = .48).

CONCLUSIONS

The Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure data reveal a high prevalence of DM in patients hospitalized with HF. Heat failure patients with DM received similar quality of care and experienced similar short-term mortality compared with patients without DM but had higher risk of rehospitalization.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of California-San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, CA 92103-8411, USA. bgreenberg@ucsd.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17643576

Citation

Greenberg, Barry H., et al. "Influence of Diabetes On Characteristics and Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized With Heart Failure: a Report From the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF)." American Heart Journal, vol. 154, no. 2, 2007, pp. 277.e1-8.
Greenberg BH, Abraham WT, Albert NM, et al. Influence of diabetes on characteristics and outcomes in patients hospitalized with heart failure: a report from the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF). Am Heart J. 2007;154(2):277.e1-8.
Greenberg, B. H., Abraham, W. T., Albert, N. M., Chiswell, K., Clare, R., Stough, W. G., Gheorghiade, M., O'Connor, C. M., Sun, J. L., Yancy, C. W., Young, J. B., & Fonarow, G. C. (2007). Influence of diabetes on characteristics and outcomes in patients hospitalized with heart failure: a report from the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF). American Heart Journal, 154(2), e1-8.
Greenberg BH, et al. Influence of Diabetes On Characteristics and Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized With Heart Failure: a Report From the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF). Am Heart J. 2007;154(2):277.e1-8. PubMed PMID: 17643576.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of diabetes on characteristics and outcomes in patients hospitalized with heart failure: a report from the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF). AU - Greenberg,Barry H, AU - Abraham,William T, AU - Albert,Nancy M, AU - Chiswell,Karen, AU - Clare,Robert, AU - Stough,Wendy Gattis, AU - Gheorghiade,Mihai, AU - O'Connor,Christopher M, AU - Sun,Jie Lena, AU - Yancy,Clyde W, AU - Young,James B, AU - Fonarow,Gregg C, PY - 2007/01/30/received PY - 2007/05/01/accepted PY - 2007/7/24/pubmed PY - 2007/8/25/medline PY - 2007/7/24/entrez SP - 277.e1 EP - 8 JF - American heart journal JO - Am Heart J VL - 154 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Diabetes, a common comorbidity in patients with heart failure (HF), is associated with worse long-term outcomes in patients with HF due to systolic dysfunction. Whether diabetes mellitus (DM) influences characteristics and outcomes in patients hospitalized with HF has not been well studied. METHODS: The Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure is a patient registry and performance-improvement program for patients hospitalized with HF that included a prespecified 10% subgroup with 60- to 90-day follow-up data. Data were analyzed as DM compared with no DM. Pearson chi2 test for categorical variables and t test for continuous variables were used, as was a multivariable analysis that included a stepwise Cox proportional hazard model. RESULTS: Among 48,612 patients from 259 hospitals, 42% had DM. Heart failure patients with DM tended to be younger, with greater likelihood of ischemic etiology, and higher serum creatinine levels. Heart failure patients with DM received quality care measures to a similar degree, with a few modest exceptions. No differences in in-hospital mortality were observed, but HF patients with DM experienced modestly longer length of stay (5.9 vs 5.5 days for nondiabetic patients; P < .0001). In the 5791 patients in the follow-up cohort, patients with DM (n = 2464) had similar postdischarge mortality but increased all-cause rehospitalization (31.5% vs 28.2% for nondiabetic patients; P = .006). Multivariable analysis showed that DM was not an independent predictor of in-hospital (odds ratio, 1.00; 95% confidence interval, 0.88-1.14; P = .99) or follow-up mortality (hazard ratio, 1.08; 95% confidence interval, 0.87-1.35; P = .48). CONCLUSIONS: The Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure data reveal a high prevalence of DM in patients hospitalized with HF. Heat failure patients with DM received similar quality of care and experienced similar short-term mortality compared with patients without DM but had higher risk of rehospitalization. SN - 1097-6744 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17643576/Influence_of_diabetes_on_characteristics_and_outcomes_in_patients_hospitalized_with_heart_failure:_a_report_from_the_Organized_Program_to_Initiate_Lifesaving_Treatment_in_Hospitalized_Patients_with_Heart_Failure__OPTIMIZE_HF__ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8703(07)00414-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -