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What regulates placental steroidogenesis in 90-day pregnant ewes?
Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 2007; 84(1-2):54-65PO

Abstract

By day-90, the placenta secretes half of the circulating progesterone and 85% of the circulating estradiol-17beta [Weems YS, Vincent D, Tanaka Y, et al. Effects of prostaglandin F(2alpha) on sources of progesterone and pregnancy in intact, ovariectomized, and hysterectomized 90-100 day pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins 1992;43:203-22; Weems YS, Vincent DL, Nusser K, et al. Effects of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) on secretion of estradiol-17beta and cortisol in 90-100 day hysterectomized, intact, or ovariectomized pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins 1994;48:139-57]. Ovariectomy (OVX) or prostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) does not abort intact or OVX 90-day pregnant ewes and PGF(2alpha) regresses the corpus luteum, but does not affect placental progesterone secretion in vivo [Weems YS, Vincent D, Tanaka Y, et al. Effects of prostaglandin F(2alpha) on sources of progesterone and pregnancy in intact, ovariectomized, and hysterectomized 90-100 day pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins 1992;43:203-22]. Luteal progesterone secretion in vitro at day-90 of pregnancy in ewes is regulated by PGE(1)and/or PGE(2), not by ovine luteinizing hormone (LH; 3). Concentrations of PGE in uterine or ovarian venous plasma averaged 6 ng/ml at 90-100 days of pregnancy in ewes [Weems YS, Vincent DL, Tanaka Y, Nusser K, Ledgerwood KS, Weems CW. Effect of prostaglandin F(2alpha) on uterine or ovarian secretion of prostaglandins E and F(2alpha) (PGE; PGF(2alpha)) in vivo in 90-100 day hysterectomized, intact or ovariectomized pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins. 1993;46:277-96]. Ovine placental PGE secretion is regulated by LH up to day-50 and by pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) after day-50 of pregnancy [Weems YS, Kim L, Humphreys V, Tsuda V, Weems CW. Effect of luteinizing hormone (LH), pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB), or arachidonic acid (AA) on ovine endometrium of the estrous cycle or placental secretion of prostaglandins E(2) (PGE(2)) and F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), and progesterone in vitro. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 2003;71:55-73]. Indomethacin (INDO), a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor [Lands WEM. The biosynthesis and metabolism of prostaglandins. Annu Rev Physiol 1979;41:633-46], lowers jugular venous progesterone [Bridges PJ, Weems YS, Kim L, et al. Effect of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), indomethacin, tamoxifen or estradiol-17beta on pregnancy, progesterone and pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) secretion in 88-90 day pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 1999;58:113-24] and inferior vena cava PGE of pregnant ewes with ovaries by half at day-90 [Bridges PJ, Weems YS, Kim L, LeaMaster BR, Vincent DL, Weems CW. Effect of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), indomethacin, tamoxifen or estradiol-17beta on prostaglandin E (PGE), PGF(2alpha) and estradiol-17beta secretion in 88-90 day pregnant sheep. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 1999;58:167-78]. In addition, treatment of 90 day ovine diced placental slices with androstenedione in vitro increased placental estradiol-17beta, but treatment with PGF(2alpha)in vitro did not decrease placental progesterone secretion, which indicates that ovine placenta progesterone secretion is resistant to the luteolytic action of PGF(2alpha) [Weems YS, Bridges PJ, LeaMaster BR, Sasser RG, Vincent DL, Weems CW. Secretion of progesterone, estradiol-17beta, prostaglandins (PG) E (PGE), F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), and pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) by day 90 intact or ovariectomized pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 1999;58:139-48]. This also explains why ovine uterine secretion of decreased around day-50 [Weems YS, Kim L, Humphreys V, Tsuda V, Weems CW. Effect of luteinizing hormone (LH), pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB), or arachidonic acid (AA) on ovine endometrium of the estrous cycle or placental secretion of prostaglandins E(2) (PGE(2)) and F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), and progesterone in vitro. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 2003;71:55-73], when placental estradiol-17beta secretion is increasing [Weems C, Weems Y, Vincent D. Maternal recognition of pregnancy and maintenance of gestation in sheep. In: Reproduction and animal breeding: advances and strategies. Enne G, Greppi G, Lauria A, editors, Elsevier Pub., Amsterdam 1995. p. 277-93]. Treatment of 90 day pregnant ewes with estradiol-17beta+ PGF(2alpha), but not either treatment alone, caused a linear increase in both estradiol-17beta and PGF(2alpha) and ewes were aborting [Bridges PJ, Weems YS, Kim L, Sasser RG, LeaMaster BR, Vincent DL, Weems CW. Effect of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), indomethacin, tamoxifen or estradiol-17beta on pregnancy, progesterone and pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) secretion in 88-90 day pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 1999;58:113-24; Bridges PJ, Weems YS, Kim L, LeaMaster BR, Vincent DL, Weems CW. Effect of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), indomethacin, tamoxifen or estradiol-17beta on prostaglandin E (PGE), PGF(2alpha) and estradiol-17beta secretion in 88-90 day pregnant sheep. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 1999;58:167-78]. Pregnant ewes OVX on day 83 of pregnancy and placental slices cultured in vitro secretes 2-3-fold more estradiol-17beta, PSPB, PGE, and progesterone than placental slices from 90 day intact pregnant ewes, but placental PGF(2alpha) secretion by placental slices from intact or OVX ewes did not change [Denamur R, Kann G, Short R V. How does the corpus luteum of the sheep know that there is an embryo in the uterus? In: Pierrepont G, editor. Endocrinology of pregnancy and parturition, vol. 2. Cardiff, Wales, UK: Alpha Omega Pub Co.; 1973. p. 4-38]. The objective of these experiments was to determine what regulates ovine placental progesterone and estradiol-17beta secretion at day-90 of pregnancy, since the hypophysis [Casida LE, Warwick J. The necessity of the corpus luteum for maintenance of pregnancy in the ewe. J Anim Sci 1945;4:34-9] or ovaries [Weems CW, Weems YS, Randel RD. Prostaglandins and reproduction in female farm animals. Vet J 2006;171:206-28] are not necessary after day-55 to maintain pregnancy. In Experiment 1, diced placental slices from day-90 intact or OVX pregnant ewes that were ovariectomized or laparotomized and ovaries were not removed on day 83 were collected on day-90 and incubated in vitro in M-199 with Vehicle, ovine luteinizing hormone (oLH), ovine follicle stimulating hormone (oFSH), ovine placental lactogen (oPL), PGE(l), PGE(2), PGD(2), PGI(2), insulin-like growth factor (IGF) 1 or 2 (IGF(l); IGF(2)), leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)), platelet activating factor (PAF) 16 or 18 (PAF-16; PAF-18) at doses of 0, 1, 10, or 100ng/ml for 4h. In Experiment 2, placental slices from day-90 intact and OVX (intact or OVX laporotomized 7 days earlier) pregnant ewes were incubated in vitro with vehicle, INDO, Meclofenamate (MECLO), PGE(l), PGE(2), INDO+PGE(1), MECLO+PGE(l), INDO+PGE(2), or MECLO+PGE(2) for 4h. Media were analyzed for progesterone, estradiol-17beta, PGE, or PGF(2alpha) by RIA. Hormone data in media were analyzed in Experiment 1 by a 2x3x13 and in Experiment 2 by a 2x9 Factorial Design for ANOVA. In Experiment 1, placental progesterone, PGE, or estradiol-17beta secretion were increased (P< or =0.05) two-fold by OVX. Progesterone was not increased (P> or =0.05) by any treatment other than OVX and only FSH increased (P< or =0.05) estradiol-17beta secretion by placental slices in both OVX and intact ewes 90-day pregnant ewes. In Experiment 2, INDO or MECLO decreased (P< or =0.05) placental progesterone secretion by 88% but did not decrease (P> or =0.05) placental estradiol-17beta secretion from intact or OVX ewes. PGE(l) or PGE(2) increased (P< or =0.05) progesterone secretion only in ewes treated with INDO or MECLO. It is concluded that FSH probably regulates day-90 ovine placental estradiol-17beta secretion, while PGE(l) or PGE(2) regulates day-90 placental progesterone secretion.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Nutrition, Food, and Animal Sciences, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, United States.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17643888

Citation

Weems, Yoshie S., et al. "What Regulates Placental Steroidogenesis in 90-day Pregnant Ewes?" Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators, vol. 84, no. 1-2, 2007, pp. 54-65.
Weems YS, Kim L, Tsuda V, et al. What regulates placental steroidogenesis in 90-day pregnant ewes? Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2007;84(1-2):54-65.
Weems, Y. S., Kim, L., Tsuda, V., Yin, C., & Weems, C. W. (2007). What regulates placental steroidogenesis in 90-day pregnant ewes? Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators, 84(1-2), pp. 54-65.
Weems YS, et al. What Regulates Placental Steroidogenesis in 90-day Pregnant Ewes. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2007;84(1-2):54-65. PubMed PMID: 17643888.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - What regulates placental steroidogenesis in 90-day pregnant ewes? AU - Weems,Yoshie S, AU - Kim,Laurie, AU - Tsuda,Vicki, AU - Yin,Chaoquan, AU - Weems,Charles W, Y1 - 2007/04/24/ PY - 2006/10/16/received PY - 2007/03/12/revised PY - 2007/04/18/accepted PY - 2007/7/24/pubmed PY - 2007/10/5/medline PY - 2007/7/24/entrez SP - 54 EP - 65 JF - Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators JO - Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. VL - 84 IS - 1-2 N2 - By day-90, the placenta secretes half of the circulating progesterone and 85% of the circulating estradiol-17beta [Weems YS, Vincent D, Tanaka Y, et al. Effects of prostaglandin F(2alpha) on sources of progesterone and pregnancy in intact, ovariectomized, and hysterectomized 90-100 day pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins 1992;43:203-22; Weems YS, Vincent DL, Nusser K, et al. Effects of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) on secretion of estradiol-17beta and cortisol in 90-100 day hysterectomized, intact, or ovariectomized pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins 1994;48:139-57]. Ovariectomy (OVX) or prostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) does not abort intact or OVX 90-day pregnant ewes and PGF(2alpha) regresses the corpus luteum, but does not affect placental progesterone secretion in vivo [Weems YS, Vincent D, Tanaka Y, et al. Effects of prostaglandin F(2alpha) on sources of progesterone and pregnancy in intact, ovariectomized, and hysterectomized 90-100 day pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins 1992;43:203-22]. Luteal progesterone secretion in vitro at day-90 of pregnancy in ewes is regulated by PGE(1)and/or PGE(2), not by ovine luteinizing hormone (LH; 3). Concentrations of PGE in uterine or ovarian venous plasma averaged 6 ng/ml at 90-100 days of pregnancy in ewes [Weems YS, Vincent DL, Tanaka Y, Nusser K, Ledgerwood KS, Weems CW. Effect of prostaglandin F(2alpha) on uterine or ovarian secretion of prostaglandins E and F(2alpha) (PGE; PGF(2alpha)) in vivo in 90-100 day hysterectomized, intact or ovariectomized pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins. 1993;46:277-96]. Ovine placental PGE secretion is regulated by LH up to day-50 and by pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) after day-50 of pregnancy [Weems YS, Kim L, Humphreys V, Tsuda V, Weems CW. Effect of luteinizing hormone (LH), pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB), or arachidonic acid (AA) on ovine endometrium of the estrous cycle or placental secretion of prostaglandins E(2) (PGE(2)) and F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), and progesterone in vitro. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 2003;71:55-73]. Indomethacin (INDO), a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor [Lands WEM. The biosynthesis and metabolism of prostaglandins. Annu Rev Physiol 1979;41:633-46], lowers jugular venous progesterone [Bridges PJ, Weems YS, Kim L, et al. Effect of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), indomethacin, tamoxifen or estradiol-17beta on pregnancy, progesterone and pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) secretion in 88-90 day pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 1999;58:113-24] and inferior vena cava PGE of pregnant ewes with ovaries by half at day-90 [Bridges PJ, Weems YS, Kim L, LeaMaster BR, Vincent DL, Weems CW. Effect of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), indomethacin, tamoxifen or estradiol-17beta on prostaglandin E (PGE), PGF(2alpha) and estradiol-17beta secretion in 88-90 day pregnant sheep. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 1999;58:167-78]. In addition, treatment of 90 day ovine diced placental slices with androstenedione in vitro increased placental estradiol-17beta, but treatment with PGF(2alpha)in vitro did not decrease placental progesterone secretion, which indicates that ovine placenta progesterone secretion is resistant to the luteolytic action of PGF(2alpha) [Weems YS, Bridges PJ, LeaMaster BR, Sasser RG, Vincent DL, Weems CW. Secretion of progesterone, estradiol-17beta, prostaglandins (PG) E (PGE), F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), and pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) by day 90 intact or ovariectomized pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 1999;58:139-48]. This also explains why ovine uterine secretion of decreased around day-50 [Weems YS, Kim L, Humphreys V, Tsuda V, Weems CW. Effect of luteinizing hormone (LH), pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB), or arachidonic acid (AA) on ovine endometrium of the estrous cycle or placental secretion of prostaglandins E(2) (PGE(2)) and F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), and progesterone in vitro. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 2003;71:55-73], when placental estradiol-17beta secretion is increasing [Weems C, Weems Y, Vincent D. Maternal recognition of pregnancy and maintenance of gestation in sheep. In: Reproduction and animal breeding: advances and strategies. Enne G, Greppi G, Lauria A, editors, Elsevier Pub., Amsterdam 1995. p. 277-93]. Treatment of 90 day pregnant ewes with estradiol-17beta+ PGF(2alpha), but not either treatment alone, caused a linear increase in both estradiol-17beta and PGF(2alpha) and ewes were aborting [Bridges PJ, Weems YS, Kim L, Sasser RG, LeaMaster BR, Vincent DL, Weems CW. Effect of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), indomethacin, tamoxifen or estradiol-17beta on pregnancy, progesterone and pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) secretion in 88-90 day pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 1999;58:113-24; Bridges PJ, Weems YS, Kim L, LeaMaster BR, Vincent DL, Weems CW. Effect of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), indomethacin, tamoxifen or estradiol-17beta on prostaglandin E (PGE), PGF(2alpha) and estradiol-17beta secretion in 88-90 day pregnant sheep. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators 1999;58:167-78]. Pregnant ewes OVX on day 83 of pregnancy and placental slices cultured in vitro secretes 2-3-fold more estradiol-17beta, PSPB, PGE, and progesterone than placental slices from 90 day intact pregnant ewes, but placental PGF(2alpha) secretion by placental slices from intact or OVX ewes did not change [Denamur R, Kann G, Short R V. How does the corpus luteum of the sheep know that there is an embryo in the uterus? In: Pierrepont G, editor. Endocrinology of pregnancy and parturition, vol. 2. Cardiff, Wales, UK: Alpha Omega Pub Co.; 1973. p. 4-38]. The objective of these experiments was to determine what regulates ovine placental progesterone and estradiol-17beta secretion at day-90 of pregnancy, since the hypophysis [Casida LE, Warwick J. The necessity of the corpus luteum for maintenance of pregnancy in the ewe. J Anim Sci 1945;4:34-9] or ovaries [Weems CW, Weems YS, Randel RD. Prostaglandins and reproduction in female farm animals. Vet J 2006;171:206-28] are not necessary after day-55 to maintain pregnancy. In Experiment 1, diced placental slices from day-90 intact or OVX pregnant ewes that were ovariectomized or laparotomized and ovaries were not removed on day 83 were collected on day-90 and incubated in vitro in M-199 with Vehicle, ovine luteinizing hormone (oLH), ovine follicle stimulating hormone (oFSH), ovine placental lactogen (oPL), PGE(l), PGE(2), PGD(2), PGI(2), insulin-like growth factor (IGF) 1 or 2 (IGF(l); IGF(2)), leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)), platelet activating factor (PAF) 16 or 18 (PAF-16; PAF-18) at doses of 0, 1, 10, or 100ng/ml for 4h. In Experiment 2, placental slices from day-90 intact and OVX (intact or OVX laporotomized 7 days earlier) pregnant ewes were incubated in vitro with vehicle, INDO, Meclofenamate (MECLO), PGE(l), PGE(2), INDO+PGE(1), MECLO+PGE(l), INDO+PGE(2), or MECLO+PGE(2) for 4h. Media were analyzed for progesterone, estradiol-17beta, PGE, or PGF(2alpha) by RIA. Hormone data in media were analyzed in Experiment 1 by a 2x3x13 and in Experiment 2 by a 2x9 Factorial Design for ANOVA. In Experiment 1, placental progesterone, PGE, or estradiol-17beta secretion were increased (P< or =0.05) two-fold by OVX. Progesterone was not increased (P> or =0.05) by any treatment other than OVX and only FSH increased (P< or =0.05) estradiol-17beta secretion by placental slices in both OVX and intact ewes 90-day pregnant ewes. In Experiment 2, INDO or MECLO decreased (P< or =0.05) placental progesterone secretion by 88% but did not decrease (P> or =0.05) placental estradiol-17beta secretion from intact or OVX ewes. PGE(l) or PGE(2) increased (P< or =0.05) progesterone secretion only in ewes treated with INDO or MECLO. It is concluded that FSH probably regulates day-90 ovine placental estradiol-17beta secretion, while PGE(l) or PGE(2) regulates day-90 placental progesterone secretion. SN - 1098-8823 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17643888/What_regulates_placental_steroidogenesis_in_90_day_pregnant_ewes L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1098-8823(07)00064-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -