Role of cannabinoid CB1 receptors and Gi/o protein activation in the modulation of synaptosomal Na+,K+-ATPase activity by WIN55,212-2 and delta(9)-THC.Eur J Pharmacol. 2007 Oct 15; 572(1):32-9.EJ
In the present study, we evaluated the effects of the synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist (R)-(+)-[2,3-Dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-morpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-1-naphthalenylmethanone mesylate (WIN55,212-2) and the active component of Cannabis delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (triangle up(9)-THC) on Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity in synaptosomal mice brain preparation. Additionally, the potential exogenous cannabinoids and endogenous opioid peptides interaction as well as the role of G(i/o) proteins in mediating Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activation were also explored. The ouabain-sensitive Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity was measured in whole-brain pure intact synaptosomes (obtained by Percoll gradient method) of female CF-1 mice and was calculated as the difference between the total and the ouabain (1 mM)-insensitive Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activities. Incubation in vitro of the synaptosomes with WIN55,212-2 (0.1 pM-10 microM) or triangle up(9)-THC (0.1 pM-0.1 microM), in a concentration-dependent manner, stimulated ouabain-sensitive Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity. WIN55,212-2 was less potent but more efficacious than triangle up(9)-THC. N-(Piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-iodophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (AM-251) (10 nM), a CB(1) cannabinoid receptor selective antagonist, had not effect per se but antagonized the enhancement of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity induced by both, WIN55,212-2 and triangle up(9)-THC. AM-251 produced a significant reduction in the E(max) of cannabinoid-induced increase in Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity, but did not significantly modify their EC(50). On the other hand, co-incubation with naloxone (1 microM), an opioid receptor antagonist, did not significantly modify the effect of WIN55,212-2 and completely failed to modify the effect of triangle up(9)-THC on synaptosomal Na(+),K(+)-ATPase. Finally, pre-incubation with 0.5 microg of pertussis toxin (G(i/o) protein blocker) completely abolished the enhancement of ouabain-sensitive Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity induced by WIN55,212-2. A lower dose, 0.25 microg, decreased the E(max) of WIN55,212-2 by 70% but did not significantly affect its EC(50). These results suggest that WIN55212-2 and triangle up(9)-THC indirectly enhance Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity in the brain by activating cannabinoid CB(1) receptors in a naloxone-insensitive manner. In addition, the effect of WIN55,212-2 on neuronal Na(+),K(+)-ATPase is apparently due to activation of G(i/o) proteins.