Characterization of NADPH oxidase 5 in equine testis and spermatozoa.Reproduction 2007; 134(2):263-70R
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in normal sperm function, and spermatozoa possess specific mechanisms for ROS generation via an NAD(P)H-dependent oxidase. The aim of this study was to identify the presence of an NADPH oxidase 5 (NOX5) in equine testis and spermatozoa. The mRNA of NOX5 was expressed in equine testis as detected by northern blot probed with human NOX5 cDNA and by RT-PCR. Immunoblotting with affinity purified alpha-NOX5 revealed one major protein in equine testis and other tissues. Immunolocalization of NOX5 showed labeling over the rostral sperm head with some labeling in the equatorial and post-acrosomal regions. In the testis, there was abundant staining in the adluminal region of the seminiferous tubules associated with round and elongating spermatids. The RT-PCR and sequence analysis revealed a high homology with human NOX5. This study demonstrates that NOX5 is present in equine spermatozoa and testes and therefore represents a potential mechanism for ROS generation in equine spermatozoa.