Prognostic significance of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-4 and IGFBP-5 expression in breast cancer.Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2007 Aug; 37(8):575-82.JJ
Expression of estrogen-regulated genes has been considered as potential predictive markers for endocrine therapy. We focused on two insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs): IGFBP-4, which is an early-responsive estrogen-induced gene, and IGFBP-5, which is an estrogen-repressed gene. Investigation of IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5 expression would provide important information for predicting prognosis and endocrine responsiveness.
The levels of IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5 mRNA expression in 162 human breast cancer tissues were analyzed using quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-PCR. The association between IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5 expression and clinicopathological factors was then analyzed.
The levels of IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5 mRNA expression were positively correlated with estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) status and were negatively correlated with HER2 overexpression. Patients with a high level of IGFBP-4 mRNA expression had better disease-free and overall survival than those with a low expression. Multivariate analysis showed that IGFBP-4 mRNA expression is an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival. When analyzed in 116 patients with ER-positive breast cancer, patients whose tumor expressed higher levels of IGFBP-4 mRNA or lower levels of IGFBP-5 mRNA had better disease-free survival.
IGFBP-4 mRNA expression was an independent prognostic factor in breast cancer, and patients with ER-positive breast cancer whose tumor expressed higher levels of IGFBP-4 and lower levels of IGFBP-5 had a better prognosis than those without such findings.