[Serum concentration of insulin, C-peptide and insulin-like growth factor I in patients with colon adenomas and colorectal cancer].Pol Merkur Lekarski 2007; 22(131):373-5PM
Colon carcinogenesis is a multi-steps process in which many growth factors are involved. In some studies the increased risk of colon cancer development was observed in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 with accompanying hyperinsulinemia. It is also known that insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) plays an important role in proliferation, growth, differentiation and inhibiting apoptosis of both epithelial and carcinoma cells. The aim of the study was to evaluate the serum concentration of insulin, C-peptide and IGF-I in patients with colon adenomas and colorectal cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
In 17 patients with colon cancer, 32 patients with colon adenomas and in 12 healthy persons the serum concentration of insulin, C-peptide and IGF-I was determined using ELISA kits.
In patients with colon cancer significantly higher serum IGF-I concentration comparing to the control group was observed (85.66 ng/ml vs. 60.96 ng/ml; p < 0.05). Higher IGF-I concentration was also observed in patients with distal tumors comparing to the proximal localisation (95.40 ng/ml vs. 64,65 ng/ml, p < 0.05) and in more differentiated tumors (84.36 ng/ml vs. 75.24 ng/ml). Similarly, higher C-peptide concentrations were observed in distal tumors (635.64 pmol/ I vs. 578.69 pmol/l) and in well-differentiated carcinoma (671.32 pmol/ I vs. 575.66 pmol/l). In patients with colon adenomatous polyps we also observed higher serum IGF-I concentrations I comparing to the control group (82.1 ng/ml vs. 60.96 ng/ml), in high dysplasia adenomas (84.12 ng/ml vs. 79.67 ng/ml) and in smaller adenomas to 1 cm diameter (97.98 ng/ml vs. 73.28 ng/ml), but the differences were not significant. We also observed higher concentration of C-peptide in patients with low grade dysplasia adenomas (665.24 pmol/l vs. 498.13 pmol/l) and with small polyps (611.51 pmol/l vs. 514.89 pmol/l). There were no differences in serum concentration of IGF-I and C-peptide between patients with tubular and villous adenomas. There was no statistical difference observed in insulin serum concentration in all groups of patients.
IGF-I is probably involved particularly in the early stage of colon carcinogenesis.