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Diet, wheeze, and atopy in school children in Menorca, Spain.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007 Sep; 18(6):480-5.PA

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have shown inverse associations of asthma symptoms with fish, vegetable, and fruit intake. We evaluated the association between several dietary factors with wheeze and atopy among children in Menorca, a Spanish Mediterranean island. A cross-sectional analysis was performed on 460 children at age 6.5 yr. Parents completed a questionnaire on the child's respiratory and allergic symptoms, and a 96-item food frequency questionnaire. Children underwent skin prick tests with six common aeroallergens. The average daily intake was relatively high for fruits (177 g) and fish (54 g), and moderate for vegetables (59 g). A high consumption (>40 g/day) of fruity vegetables (tomatoes, eggplants, cucumber, green beans, zucchini) was found to have beneficial effect on current wheeze [odds ratio (OR), 0.38; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.15-0.95, p < 0.05], and atopic wheeze with a significant decreasing trend when intake was increased (OR, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.04-0.95, p for trend = 0.04). No other fruits or vegetables were significantly associated with wheeze or atopy prevalence. An inverse association was found between a fish intake > or =60 g/day and atopy (OR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.21-0.90, p < 0.05). The associations remained significant after adjustment for energy intake and maternal diet during pregnancy. Our results support a potential protective effect of fruity vegetables and fish intake during childhood on wheeze and atopy respectively.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece. lchatzi@med.uoc.grNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17680906

Citation

Chatzi, Leda, et al. "Diet, Wheeze, and Atopy in School Children in Menorca, Spain." Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, vol. 18, no. 6, 2007, pp. 480-5.
Chatzi L, Torrent M, Romieu I, et al. Diet, wheeze, and atopy in school children in Menorca, Spain. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007;18(6):480-5.
Chatzi, L., Torrent, M., Romieu, I., Garcia-Esteban, R., Ferrer, C., Vioque, J., Kogevinas, M., & Sunyer, J. (2007). Diet, wheeze, and atopy in school children in Menorca, Spain. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 18(6), 480-5.
Chatzi L, et al. Diet, Wheeze, and Atopy in School Children in Menorca, Spain. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007;18(6):480-5. PubMed PMID: 17680906.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diet, wheeze, and atopy in school children in Menorca, Spain. AU - Chatzi,Leda, AU - Torrent,Matias, AU - Romieu,Isabelle, AU - Garcia-Esteban,Raquel, AU - Ferrer,Carlos, AU - Vioque,Jesus, AU - Kogevinas,Manolis, AU - Sunyer,Jordi, PY - 2007/8/8/pubmed PY - 2007/10/5/medline PY - 2007/8/8/entrez SP - 480 EP - 5 JF - Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology JO - Pediatr Allergy Immunol VL - 18 IS - 6 N2 - Epidemiological studies have shown inverse associations of asthma symptoms with fish, vegetable, and fruit intake. We evaluated the association between several dietary factors with wheeze and atopy among children in Menorca, a Spanish Mediterranean island. A cross-sectional analysis was performed on 460 children at age 6.5 yr. Parents completed a questionnaire on the child's respiratory and allergic symptoms, and a 96-item food frequency questionnaire. Children underwent skin prick tests with six common aeroallergens. The average daily intake was relatively high for fruits (177 g) and fish (54 g), and moderate for vegetables (59 g). A high consumption (>40 g/day) of fruity vegetables (tomatoes, eggplants, cucumber, green beans, zucchini) was found to have beneficial effect on current wheeze [odds ratio (OR), 0.38; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.15-0.95, p < 0.05], and atopic wheeze with a significant decreasing trend when intake was increased (OR, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.04-0.95, p for trend = 0.04). No other fruits or vegetables were significantly associated with wheeze or atopy prevalence. An inverse association was found between a fish intake > or =60 g/day and atopy (OR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.21-0.90, p < 0.05). The associations remained significant after adjustment for energy intake and maternal diet during pregnancy. Our results support a potential protective effect of fruity vegetables and fish intake during childhood on wheeze and atopy respectively. SN - 0905-6157 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17680906/Diet_wheeze_and_atopy_in_school_children_in_Menorca_Spain_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2007.00596.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -