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Osmophobia in migraine and tension-type headache and its clinical features in patients with migraine.
Cephalalgia. 2007 Sep; 27(9):1061-8.C

Abstract

Intolerance to smell is often reported by migraine patients. This study evaluates osmophobia in connection with the diagnosis of migraine and episodic tension-type headache (ETTH). The characteristics of this symptom are also investigated. We recruited from our Headache Centre 1005 patients (772 female, 233 male; age 37 +/- 11 years), of whom 677 were migraine without aura (MoA), 130 migraine with aura (MA) and 198 TTH. Patients with two or more forms of primary headache were excluded. Among migraine patients, 43.9% with MoA and 38.5% with MA reported osmophobia during the attacks; none of the 198 TTH patients suffered this symptom. Most frequently offending odours were scents (63.9%), food (55.2%) and cigarette smoke (54.8%). Osmophobia appears structurally integrated into the migraine history of the patient. It seems to be a peculiar symptom favouring the diagnosis of migraine (MoA and MA) in the differential diagnosis with ETTH.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Headache Centre, Department of Neurosciences, University of Padua, Padua, Italy. giorgio.zanchin@unipd.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17681021

Citation

Zanchin, G, et al. "Osmophobia in Migraine and Tension-type Headache and Its Clinical Features in Patients With Migraine." Cephalalgia : an International Journal of Headache, vol. 27, no. 9, 2007, pp. 1061-8.
Zanchin G, Dainese F, Trucco M, et al. Osmophobia in migraine and tension-type headache and its clinical features in patients with migraine. Cephalalgia. 2007;27(9):1061-8.
Zanchin, G., Dainese, F., Trucco, M., Mainardi, F., Mampreso, E., & Maggioni, F. (2007). Osmophobia in migraine and tension-type headache and its clinical features in patients with migraine. Cephalalgia : an International Journal of Headache, 27(9), 1061-8.
Zanchin G, et al. Osmophobia in Migraine and Tension-type Headache and Its Clinical Features in Patients With Migraine. Cephalalgia. 2007;27(9):1061-8. PubMed PMID: 17681021.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Osmophobia in migraine and tension-type headache and its clinical features in patients with migraine. AU - Zanchin,G, AU - Dainese,F, AU - Trucco,M, AU - Mainardi,F, AU - Mampreso,E, AU - Maggioni,F, Y1 - 2007/08/06/ PY - 2007/8/8/pubmed PY - 2007/11/14/medline PY - 2007/8/8/entrez SP - 1061 EP - 8 JF - Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache JO - Cephalalgia VL - 27 IS - 9 N2 - Intolerance to smell is often reported by migraine patients. This study evaluates osmophobia in connection with the diagnosis of migraine and episodic tension-type headache (ETTH). The characteristics of this symptom are also investigated. We recruited from our Headache Centre 1005 patients (772 female, 233 male; age 37 +/- 11 years), of whom 677 were migraine without aura (MoA), 130 migraine with aura (MA) and 198 TTH. Patients with two or more forms of primary headache were excluded. Among migraine patients, 43.9% with MoA and 38.5% with MA reported osmophobia during the attacks; none of the 198 TTH patients suffered this symptom. Most frequently offending odours were scents (63.9%), food (55.2%) and cigarette smoke (54.8%). Osmophobia appears structurally integrated into the migraine history of the patient. It seems to be a peculiar symptom favouring the diagnosis of migraine (MoA and MA) in the differential diagnosis with ETTH. SN - 0333-1024 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17681021/Osmophobia_in_migraine_and_tension_type_headache_and_its_clinical_features_in_patients_with_migraine_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-2982.2007.01421.x?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -