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Nutrient intake in an elderly population in southern France (POLANUT): deficiency in some vitamins, minerals and omega-3 PUFA.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2007 Jan; 77(1):57-65.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Evaluation of the nutritional status of an elderly cohort from a French Mediterranean area.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional nutritional assessment in the framework of the population-based POLA cohort.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

832 subjects aged 70 years or older answered a 165-item, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Mean Nutritional Need (MNN) was defined as 77% of the French Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA). The risk for clinical deficiency (CD) was defined as intakes lower than the Limit Threshold Intake (70% of the MNN).

RESULTS

Consumption was characterized by an excess of saturated fatty acids (SFA) (95.4% of subjects above the RDA) and a deficit of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (60.1% and 46.9% of subjects at risk for CD for alpha-linolenic (ALA) and long-chain omega-3 PUFA, respectively). Median intakes of fiber, vitamins B6, B9, and D, calcium, and magnesium were below the RDA. Dairy products were the first providers of SFA, nuts of ALA, and fish of long-chain omega-3 PUFA and vitamin D.

CONCLUSION

The study identified an unbalanced food intake, with an excess of mammal animal products, mainly of dairy products, and a deficit of fish and vegetal foods. This resulted in a deficiency in some vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 PUFA.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Inserm, E361, Montpellier, F-34093, France. carriere@montp.inserm.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17685096

Citation

Carrière, Isabelle, et al. "Nutrient Intake in an Elderly Population in Southern France (POLANUT): Deficiency in some Vitamins, Minerals and Omega-3 PUFA." International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Internationale Zeitschrift Fur Vitamin- Und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal International De Vitaminologie Et De Nutrition, vol. 77, no. 1, 2007, pp. 57-65.
Carrière I, Delcourt C, Lacroux A, et al. Nutrient intake in an elderly population in southern France (POLANUT): deficiency in some vitamins, minerals and omega-3 PUFA. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2007;77(1):57-65.
Carrière, I., Delcourt, C., Lacroux, A., & Gerber, M. (2007). Nutrient intake in an elderly population in southern France (POLANUT): deficiency in some vitamins, minerals and omega-3 PUFA. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Internationale Zeitschrift Fur Vitamin- Und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal International De Vitaminologie Et De Nutrition, 77(1), 57-65.
Carrière I, et al. Nutrient Intake in an Elderly Population in Southern France (POLANUT): Deficiency in some Vitamins, Minerals and Omega-3 PUFA. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2007;77(1):57-65. PubMed PMID: 17685096.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrient intake in an elderly population in southern France (POLANUT): deficiency in some vitamins, minerals and omega-3 PUFA. AU - Carrière,Isabelle, AU - Delcourt,Cécile, AU - Lacroux,Annie, AU - Gerber,Mariette, AU - ,, PY - 2007/8/10/pubmed PY - 2007/8/24/medline PY - 2007/8/10/entrez SP - 57 EP - 65 JF - International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition JO - Int J Vitam Nutr Res VL - 77 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the nutritional status of an elderly cohort from a French Mediterranean area. DESIGN: Cross-sectional nutritional assessment in the framework of the population-based POLA cohort. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 832 subjects aged 70 years or older answered a 165-item, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Mean Nutritional Need (MNN) was defined as 77% of the French Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA). The risk for clinical deficiency (CD) was defined as intakes lower than the Limit Threshold Intake (70% of the MNN). RESULTS: Consumption was characterized by an excess of saturated fatty acids (SFA) (95.4% of subjects above the RDA) and a deficit of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (60.1% and 46.9% of subjects at risk for CD for alpha-linolenic (ALA) and long-chain omega-3 PUFA, respectively). Median intakes of fiber, vitamins B6, B9, and D, calcium, and magnesium were below the RDA. Dairy products were the first providers of SFA, nuts of ALA, and fish of long-chain omega-3 PUFA and vitamin D. CONCLUSION: The study identified an unbalanced food intake, with an excess of mammal animal products, mainly of dairy products, and a deficit of fish and vegetal foods. This resulted in a deficiency in some vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 PUFA. SN - 0300-9831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17685096/Nutrient_intake_in_an_elderly_population_in_southern_France__POLANUT_:_deficiency_in_some_vitamins_minerals_and_omega_3_PUFA_ L2 - http://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/full/10.1024/0300-9831.77.1.57?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -