[Surgical treatment of patients with perforated peptic ulcers].Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2007; (6):34-9K
Results of surgical treatment of 782 patients with perforated gastric and duodenal ulcers are analyzed. Gastric ulcers of I type were diagnosed at 86 (10.9%) patients, prepyloric and pyloric ulcers - at 441 (56.4%), duodenal ulcers - at 255 (32.6%) patients. Perforation was combined with bleeding and stenosis at 24 (3.1%). Palliative operations have been performed at 172 (22.0%) patients, stem vagotomy with ulcer excision and pyloroplasty - at 58 (7.4%), various types of stomach resection - at 54 (6.9%), proximal gastric vagotomy with excision of gastric, pyloric or duodenal ulcer - at 77 (9.8%), proximal gastric vagotomy with excision or suturing of ulcer and pyloro- or duodenoplasty - at 421 (53.8%) patients. The rate of postoperative complications after proximal gastric vagotomy was 3.6%, after stomach resection - 18.2% (p<0.01). Early postoperative complications after vagotomy with ulcer excision and pyloroplasty were diagnosed at 8.3%, after stomach resection - at 18.2% patients (p<0.01). The quality of patients life was higher after organ-saving operations. Proximal gastric vagotomy with excision of ulcer and pyloro- or duodenoplasty should be regarded as operation of choice at perforated duodenal ulcers.