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Eyes as fenestrations to the ears: a novel mechanism for high-frequency and ultrasonic hearing.
Int Tinnitus J. 2007; 13(1):3-10.IT

Abstract

Intense airborne ultrasound has been associated with hearing loss, tinnitus, and various nonauditory subjective effects, such as headaches, dizziness, and fullness in the ear. Yet, when people detect ultrasonic components in music, ultrasound adds to the pleasantness of the perception and evokes changes in the brain as measured in electroencephalograms, behavior, and imaging. How does the airborne ultrasound get into the ear to create such polar-opposite human effects? Surprisingly, ultrasound passes first through the eyes; thus, the eye becomes but another window into the inner ear.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia. 23298-0168, USA. lenhardt@hsc.vcu.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17691656

Citation

Lenhardt, Martin L.. "Eyes as Fenestrations to the Ears: a Novel Mechanism for High-frequency and Ultrasonic Hearing." The International Tinnitus Journal, vol. 13, no. 1, 2007, pp. 3-10.
Lenhardt ML. Eyes as fenestrations to the ears: a novel mechanism for high-frequency and ultrasonic hearing. Int Tinnitus J. 2007;13(1):3-10.
Lenhardt, M. L. (2007). Eyes as fenestrations to the ears: a novel mechanism for high-frequency and ultrasonic hearing. The International Tinnitus Journal, 13(1), 3-10.
Lenhardt ML. Eyes as Fenestrations to the Ears: a Novel Mechanism for High-frequency and Ultrasonic Hearing. Int Tinnitus J. 2007;13(1):3-10. PubMed PMID: 17691656.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Eyes as fenestrations to the ears: a novel mechanism for high-frequency and ultrasonic hearing. A1 - Lenhardt,Martin L, PY - 2007/8/19/pubmed PY - 2007/11/2/medline PY - 2007/8/19/entrez SP - 3 EP - 10 JF - The international tinnitus journal JO - Int Tinnitus J VL - 13 IS - 1 N2 - Intense airborne ultrasound has been associated with hearing loss, tinnitus, and various nonauditory subjective effects, such as headaches, dizziness, and fullness in the ear. Yet, when people detect ultrasonic components in music, ultrasound adds to the pleasantness of the perception and evokes changes in the brain as measured in electroencephalograms, behavior, and imaging. How does the airborne ultrasound get into the ear to create such polar-opposite human effects? Surprisingly, ultrasound passes first through the eyes; thus, the eye becomes but another window into the inner ear. SN - 0946-5448 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17691656/Eyes_as_fenestrations_to_the_ears:_a_novel_mechanism_for_high_frequency_and_ultrasonic_hearing_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/eyecare.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -