Proteolytic activity in salivary gland products of sheep bot fly (Oestrus ovis) larvae.Vet Parasitol. 2007 Oct 21; 149(1-2):117-25.VP
This study identified and characterized hydrolytic enzymes in salivary gland products of Oestrus ovis larvae. Third instars were collected from the heads of slaughtered goats. Salivary glands were extracted, their products obtained by centrifugation and the enzymatic profile determined. Optimum pH, temperature of maximum proteolytic activity, thermal stability, and resistance of salivary gland products were determined on collagen and subclasses of proteases were identified using protease inhibitors. Zymograms were used to determine the molecular weight of proteases. Antigenic protein bands were revealed by immunoblotting using sera obtained from experimentally infested goats. Seven positive enzymatic activities were detected in salivary gland products: acid phosphatase, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase, esterase (C4), esterase lipase (C8), leucine arylamidase, alpha-glucosidase and N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase. Optimum pH for proteolytic activity was 8.0; proteolytic activity increased with temperature (10-50 degrees C) then drastically decreased at 60 degrees C. Proteases in O. ovis salivary gland products belong to the serine subclass. In Zymograms, bands of proteolytic activity were detected in the 20-63 kDa range; the immunoblot showed three antigenic bands, one of them related to a protease band (63 kDa). Serine proteases in O. ovis salivary gland products are most likely involved in larval nutrition and host immuno-modulation.