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Detection of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in a demographic managed wild boar (Sus scrofa scrofa) population in Italy.
Vet Microbiol. 2008 Jan 01; 126(1-3):74-81.VM

Abstract

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the causative agent of Hepatitis E. Swine and human HEV strains are genetically related, suggesting the occurrence of zoonotic transmission. Recently, in Japan, cases of food-borne HEV transmission have been described in people after consuming raw or undercooked meat from wild boars or pigs. Although, swine HEV strains have been detected in pig herds in many European countries, only minimal information is presently available about the circulation and the prevalence of HEV in wild boars in Europe. In this study, we investigated the presence of HEV in a demographic managed wild boar population in Italy. Detection of HEV RNA was accomplished using a nested reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction on bile samples from 88 shot animals. HEV RNA was detected in 22 out of 88 animals tested (25%). Phylogenetic analysis on the nucleotide sequences obtained from 10 positive PCR products indicated that only one HEV strain was circulating in the wild boar population considered, and that this strain was closer to human and swine HEV strains circulating in Europe than to wild boar Japanese strains.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Veterinary Public Health and Animal Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bologna University, Via Tolara di Sopra 50, 40064 Ozzano Emilia (BO), Italy. fabio.ostanello@unibo.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17706898

Citation

Martelli, Francesca, et al. "Detection of Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) in a Demographic Managed Wild Boar (Sus Scrofa Scrofa) Population in Italy." Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 126, no. 1-3, 2008, pp. 74-81.
Martelli F, Caprioli A, Zengarini M, et al. Detection of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in a demographic managed wild boar (Sus scrofa scrofa) population in Italy. Vet Microbiol. 2008;126(1-3):74-81.
Martelli, F., Caprioli, A., Zengarini, M., Marata, A., Fiegna, C., Di Bartolo, I., Ruggeri, F. M., Delogu, M., & Ostanello, F. (2008). Detection of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in a demographic managed wild boar (Sus scrofa scrofa) population in Italy. Veterinary Microbiology, 126(1-3), 74-81.
Martelli F, et al. Detection of Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) in a Demographic Managed Wild Boar (Sus Scrofa Scrofa) Population in Italy. Vet Microbiol. 2008 Jan 1;126(1-3):74-81. PubMed PMID: 17706898.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Detection of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in a demographic managed wild boar (Sus scrofa scrofa) population in Italy. AU - Martelli,Francesca, AU - Caprioli,Andrea, AU - Zengarini,Martina, AU - Marata,Andrea, AU - Fiegna,Caterina, AU - Di Bartolo,Ilaria, AU - Ruggeri,Franco Maria, AU - Delogu,Mauro, AU - Ostanello,Fabio, Y1 - 2007/07/10/ PY - 2007/03/28/received PY - 2007/07/03/revised PY - 2007/07/05/accepted PY - 2007/8/21/pubmed PY - 2008/2/28/medline PY - 2007/8/21/entrez SP - 74 EP - 81 JF - Veterinary microbiology JO - Vet Microbiol VL - 126 IS - 1-3 N2 - Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the causative agent of Hepatitis E. Swine and human HEV strains are genetically related, suggesting the occurrence of zoonotic transmission. Recently, in Japan, cases of food-borne HEV transmission have been described in people after consuming raw or undercooked meat from wild boars or pigs. Although, swine HEV strains have been detected in pig herds in many European countries, only minimal information is presently available about the circulation and the prevalence of HEV in wild boars in Europe. In this study, we investigated the presence of HEV in a demographic managed wild boar population in Italy. Detection of HEV RNA was accomplished using a nested reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction on bile samples from 88 shot animals. HEV RNA was detected in 22 out of 88 animals tested (25%). Phylogenetic analysis on the nucleotide sequences obtained from 10 positive PCR products indicated that only one HEV strain was circulating in the wild boar population considered, and that this strain was closer to human and swine HEV strains circulating in Europe than to wild boar Japanese strains. SN - 0378-1135 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17706898/Detection_of_hepatitis_E_virus__HEV__in_a_demographic_managed_wild_boar__Sus_scrofa_scrofa__population_in_Italy_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378-1135(07)00332-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -